ptve-10k_20201231.htm
false FY 0001527508 --12-31 true false true true false true true false true true true true true false true false false false P20Y P3Y P44Y P7Y 2023-02-28 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201802Member us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201802Member 0.00000 0.00000 0.02750 0.03250 April 15 and October 15, commencing April 15, 2021 2.47 2.94 0.38 0.52 1.46 2.30 2.41 2.91 0001527508 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 iso4217:USD 0001527508 2020-12-31 xbrli:shares 0001527508 2021-02-19 0001527508 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 iso4217:USD xbrli:shares 0001527508 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2017-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2017-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2017-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2017-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2017-12-31 0001527508 2017-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember ptve:ReynoldsConsumerProductsIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember ptve:ReynoldsConsumerProductsIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember ptve:ReynoldsConsumerProductsIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:ReynoldsConsumerProductsIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember ptve:GrahamPackagingCompanyIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember ptve:GrahamPackagingCompanyIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember ptve:GrahamPackagingCompanyIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:GrahamPackagingCompanyIncMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember ptve:SouthAmericanClosuresBusinessMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 ptve:Segment 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember ptve:GrahamPackagingCompanyInc.Member 2020-09-16 2020-09-16 0001527508 2020-09-17 xbrli:pure 0001527508 2020-09-21 2020-09-21 0001527508 2020-09-21 0001527508 us-gaap:IPOMember 2020-09-21 2020-09-21 0001527508 us-gaap:OverAllotmentOptionMember 2020-10-20 2020-10-20 0001527508 us-gaap:IPOMember 2020-09-21 0001527508 us-gaap:OverAllotmentOptionMember 2020-10-20 0001527508 ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2019-12-31 ptve:Entity 0001527508 us-gaap:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryMember 2019-12-31 ptve:Customer 0001527508 us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201613Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201813Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201815Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201912Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member 2019-01-01 0001527508 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201802Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201802Member 2019-01-01 2019-01-01 0001527508 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201814Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:AccountingStandardsUpdate202004Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember ptve:NorthAmericanandJapaneseClosuresBusinessesMember 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 0001527508 us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember ptve:NorthAmericanandJapaneseClosuresBusinessesMember 2020-06-01 2020-06-30 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember ptve:ReynoldsConsumerProductsInc.Member 2020-02-04 2020-02-04 0001527508 us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember 2020-02-04 2020-02-04 0001527508 us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:IPOSettlementFacilityMember 2020-02-04 2020-02-04 0001527508 us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember ptve:GrahamPackagingCompanyInc.Member 2020-08-01 2020-08-31 0001527508 ptve:ReynoldsConsumerProductsInc.Member us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember 2020-02-04 0001527508 ptve:GrahamPackagingCompanyInc.Member us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember 2020-09-16 0001527508 us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:A5.750NotesDue2020Member us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-02-04 2020-02-04 0001527508 us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsHeldforsaleMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:SouthAmericanClosuresBusinessMember us-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodserviceMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:SouthAmericanClosuresBusinessMember us-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodserviceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodserviceAndFoodMerchandisingMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodserviceAndFoodMerchandisingMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:SouthAmericanClosuresBusinessMember us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodserviceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodserviceAndFoodMerchandisingMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember us-gaap:DisposalGroupHeldforsaleNotDiscontinuedOperationsMember ptve:DisposalOfOperationInArgentinaMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodserviceAndFoodMerchandisingMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:SouthAmericanClosuresBusinessMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:LandAndLandImprovementsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:LandAndLandImprovementsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 srt:OfficeBuildingMember us-gaap:OtherExpenseMember 2020-10-01 2020-10-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodserviceMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodserviceMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodserviceMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:TrademarksMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:UnclassifiedIndefinitelivedIntangibleAssetsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:TrademarksMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:UnclassifiedIndefinitelivedIntangibleAssetsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointSevenFiveZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FloatingRateNotesdue2021Member 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:SevenPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FourPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember ptve:SevenPointNineFiveZeroPercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentyFiveMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember ptve:SevenPointNineFiveZeroPercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentyFiveMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember ptve:EightPointThreeSevenFivePercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember ptve:EightPointThreeSevenFivePercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FivePointSevenFiveZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:SevenPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FivePointSevenFiveZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FloatingRateNotesdue2021Member us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:SevenPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:FourPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:SevenPointNineFiveZeroPercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentyFiveMember us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:EightPointThreeSevenFivePercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-06-30 0001527508 ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-01-31 0001527508 ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-02-01 2020-02-29 0001527508 ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-07-01 2020-07-31 0001527508 ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-06-01 2020-06-30 0001527508 ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-02-29 0001527508 ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-06-01 2020-06-30 0001527508 ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB1Member us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB2Member us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB1Member us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB2Member us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB1Member us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB2Member us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB2Member 2020-10-01 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB2Member 2020-10-01 2020-10-01 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2020-10-01 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2020-10-01 2020-10-01 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB1Member 2020-10-01 2020-10-01 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember 2020-10-01 2020-10-01 iso4217:EUR 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:EuropeanTermLoansMember 2020-08-04 2020-08-04 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember 2020-08-04 2020-08-04 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-01-01 2020-01-31 0001527508 ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB1Member us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB1Member us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:USTermLoansTrancheB1Member 2020-08-01 2020-08-31 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2020-10-08 2020-10-08 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2020-10-18 2020-10-18 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2020-11-22 2020-11-22 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2021-02-16 2021-02-16 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2020-10-08 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2020-10-18 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2020-11-22 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2021-02-16 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:SevenPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember 2020-10-08 2020-10-08 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:SevenPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember 2020-10-08 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FourPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember 2020-10-01 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:SevenPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember 2020-08-29 2020-08-29 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:SevenPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember 2020-09-30 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FloatingRateNotesdue2021Member 2020-08-04 2020-08-04 0001527508 2020-08-07 2020-08-07 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointSevenFiveZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember 2020-02-04 2020-02-04 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointSevenFiveZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember 2020-01-01 2020-01-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FloatingRateNotesdue2021Member 2020-01-01 2020-01-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2020-01-01 2020-01-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember 2020-09-30 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:A6875NotesDue2021Member 2019-11-15 2019-11-15 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:A6875NotesDue2021Member 2019-11-15 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:FivePointSevenFiveZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:FivePointSevenFiveZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:FloatingRateNotesdue2021Member us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:FloatingRateNotesdue2021Member us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:FivePointOneTwoFivePercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyThreeMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:SevenPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:SevenPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentyFourMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:FourPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:FourPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:SevenPointNineFiveZeroPercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentyFiveMember us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:SevenPointNineFiveZeroPercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentyFiveMember us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:SevenPointNineFiveZeroPercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentyFiveMember us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:SevenPointNineFiveZeroPercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentyFiveMember us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:EightPointThreeSevenFivePercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:EightPointThreeSevenFivePercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:EightPointThreeSevenFivePercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember ptve:EightPointThreeSevenFivePercentDebenturesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember ptve:FourPointZeroPercentNotesDueTwoThousandTwentySevenMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:SecuritizationFacilityMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SecuredDebtMember us-gaap:LineOfCreditMember ptve:CreditAgreementMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SeniorNotesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:UnsecuredDebtMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:MaximumMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EquipmentLeasedToOtherPartyMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EquipmentLeasedToOtherPartyMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EquipmentLeasedToOtherPartyMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:EquipmentLeasedToOtherPartyMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 srt:OfficeBuildingMember us-gaap:OtherExpenseMember 2020-10-01 2020-10-31 0001527508 us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CommodityContractMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccruedLiabilitiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CommodityContractMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccruedLiabilitiesMember 2019-12-31 utr:MMBTU 0001527508 ptve:NaturalGasSwapFebruary2021ToDecember2021Member 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 utr:lb 0001527508 ptve:EthyleneSwapJanuary2021ToApril2021Member 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PolymerGradePropyleneSwapsJanuary2021ToAugust2021Member 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 utr:gal 0001527508 ptve:BenzeneSwapsFebruary2021ToSeptember2021Member 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:DieselSwapsJanuary2021ToDecember2021Member 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:LowDensityPolyethyleneSwapsJanuary2021ToDecember2021Member 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 iso4217:USD utr:MMBTU 0001527508 ptve:NaturalGasSwapFebruary2021ToDecember2021Member srt:MinimumMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:NaturalGasSwapFebruary2021ToDecember2021Member srt:MaximumMember 2020-12-31 iso4217:USD utr:lb 0001527508 ptve:EthyleneSwapJanuary2021ToApril2021Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PolymerGradePropyleneSwapsJanuary2021ToAugust2021Member srt:MinimumMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PolymerGradePropyleneSwapsJanuary2021ToAugust2021Member srt:MaximumMember 2020-12-31 iso4217:USD utr:gal 0001527508 ptve:BenzeneSwapsFebruary2021ToSeptember2021Member srt:MinimumMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:BenzeneSwapsFebruary2021ToSeptember2021Member srt:MaximumMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:DieselSwapsJanuary2021ToDecember2021Member srt:MinimumMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:DieselSwapsJanuary2021ToDecember2021Member srt:MaximumMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:LowDensityPolyethyleneSwapsJanuary2021ToDecember2021Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherPensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherPensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember us-gaap:AccruedLiabilitiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember us-gaap:AccruedLiabilitiesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember us-gaap:AccruedLiabilitiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember us-gaap:AccruedLiabilitiesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember ptve:LongTermEmployeeBenefitObligationsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember ptve:LongTermEmployeeBenefitObligationsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember ptve:LongTermEmployeeBenefitObligationsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember ptve:LongTermEmployeeBenefitObligationsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember us-gaap:FundedPlanMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember us-gaap:FundedPlanMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember us-gaap:FundedPlanMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember us-gaap:FundedPlanMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember us-gaap:UnderfundedPlanMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember us-gaap:UnderfundedPlanMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember us-gaap:UnderfundedPlanMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember us-gaap:UnderfundedPlanMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SellingGeneralAndAdministrativeExpensesMember us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember us-gaap:PensionPlansDefinedBenefitMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NonoperatingIncomeExpenseMember us-gaap:PostemploymentRetirementBenefitsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FixedIncomeSecuritiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateDebtSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AssetBackedSecuritiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AssetBackedSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherDebtSecuritiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherDebtSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesCommonStockMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesCommonStockMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesCommonStockMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:DefinedBenefitPlanEquitySecuritiesCommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:ExchangeTradedFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:ExchangeTradedFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:ExchangeTradedFundsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:ExchangeTradedFundsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:CorporateBondsSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:CorporateBondsSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:CorporateBondsSecuritiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:CorporateBondsSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:BondExchangeTradedFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:BondExchangeTradedFundsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanCommonCollectiveTrustEquitiesMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanCommonCollectiveTrustEquitiesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanCommonCollectiveTrustPooledSeparateAccountRealEstateMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanCommonCollectiveTrustPooledSeparateAccountRealEstateMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanCommonCollectiveTrustPooledSeparateAccountRealEstateMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanCommonCollectiveTrustPooledSeparateAccountRealEstateMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanCommonCollectiveTrustMoneyMarketMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanCommonCollectiveTrustMoneyMarketMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanCommonCollectiveTrustMoneyMarketMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanCommonCollectiveTrustMoneyMarketMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanAssetCategoriesOtherMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember ptve:DefinedBenefitPlanAssetCategoriesOtherMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PactivEvergreenPensionPlanMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:OtherPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:OtherPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:OtherPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:OtherPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:OtherPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:OtherPensionPlanMember us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:OtherPensionPlanMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:OtherPensionPlanMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:FairValueMeasuredAtNetAssetValuePerShareMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:ManagementFeeRelatedPartiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2017-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2017-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentContinuingOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2017-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember us-gaap:AccumulatedDefinedBenefitPlansAdjustmentMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMember ptve:NorthAmericanandJapaneseClosuresBusinessesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0001527508 ptve:ExpiresWithinFiveYearsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:ExpiresWithinFiveYearsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:ExpiresAfterFiveYearsOrIndefiniteExpirationMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:ExpiresAfterFiveYearsOrIndefiniteExpirationMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:CoronavirusAidReliefAndEconomicSecurityActMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:PackagingFinanceLimitedAndOtherEntitiesMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateJointVentureMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateJointVentureMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateJointVentureMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateJointVentureMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateJointVentureMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:SaleOfGoodsAndServicesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:SaleOfGoodsAndServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:SaleOfGoodsAndServicesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:TransactionServiceAgreementAndRentalIncomeMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:TransactionServiceAgreementAndRentalIncomeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:TransactionServiceAgreementAndRentalIncomeMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:TaxLossTransferMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:TaxLossTransferMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:TaxLossTransferMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:RechargesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:RechargesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:RechargesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:RelatedPartyReceivablesForgivenMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:RelatedPartyReceivablesForgivenMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:RelatedPartyReceivablesForgivenMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:LoansForgivenessMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:LoansForgivenessMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:LoansForgivenessMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:RechargesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:RechargesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:RechargesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:ManagementFeeRelatedPartiesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:ManagementFeeRelatedPartiesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:ManagementFeeRelatedPartiesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:TaxLossTransferMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:TaxLossTransferMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:TaxLossTransferMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 ptve:lease_agreement 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember us-gaap:LeaseAgreementsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:TaxMattersAgreementMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:LoanTransactionWithRelatedPartyMember srt:AffiliatedEntityMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:LoanTransactionWithRelatedPartyMember srt:AffiliatedEntityMember srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:LoanTransactionWithRelatedPartyMember srt:AffiliatedEntityMember srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:LoanTransactionWithRelatedPartyMember srt:AffiliatedEntityMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:LoanTransactionWithRelatedPartyMember srt:AffiliatedEntityMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:LoanTransactionWithRelatedPartyMember srt:AffiliatedEntityMember srt:MinimumMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:LoanTransactionWithRelatedPartyMember srt:AffiliatedEntityMember srt:MaximumMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:ManagementFeeRelatedPartiesMember 2020-09-21 2020-09-21 0001527508 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember ptve:TerminationFeeMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2019-01-01 2020-09-20 0001527508 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2021-02-04 0001527508 us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2021-02-04 2021-02-04 0001527508 ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:ReportableSegmentsMember 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:SegmentDiscontinuedOperationsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:CupsandLidsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:CupsandLidsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:CupsandLidsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:ContainersFoodserviceMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:ContainersFoodserviceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:ContainersFoodserviceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:DinnerwareMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:DinnerwareMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:DinnerwareMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:OtherMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:OtherMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodserviceMember ptve:OtherMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:MeatTraysMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:MeatTraysMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:MeatTraysMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:BakerySnackProduceFruitContainersMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:BakerySnackProduceFruitContainersMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:BakerySnackProduceFruitContainersMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:PreparedFoodTraysMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:PreparedFoodTraysMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:PreparedFoodTraysMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:EggCartonsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:EggCartonsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:EggCartonsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:DinnerwareMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:DinnerwareMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:DinnerwareMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:OtherMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:OtherMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:FoodMerchandisingMember ptve:OtherMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember ptve:CartonsforFreshBeverageProductsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember ptve:CartonsforFreshBeverageProductsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember ptve:CartonsforFreshBeverageProductsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember ptve:LiquidPackagingBoardMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember ptve:LiquidPackagingBoardMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember ptve:LiquidPackagingBoardMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember ptve:PaperProductsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember ptve:PaperProductsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember ptve:BeverageMerchandisingMember ptve:PaperProductsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 country:US 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 country:US 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 country:US 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 ptve:RestOfNorthAmericaMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:RestOfNorthAmericaMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:RestOfNorthAmericaMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NonUsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NonUsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NonUsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001527508 country:US 2020-12-31 0001527508 country:US 2019-12-31 0001527508 ptve:RestOfNorthAmericaMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 ptve:RestOfNorthAmericaMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NonUsMember 2020-12-31 0001527508 us-gaap:NonUsMember 2019-12-31 0001527508 2020-10-01 2020-12-31 0001527508 2019-10-01 2019-12-31 0001527508 2020-01-01 2020-06-30 0001527508 2019-01-01 2019-06-30

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     

Commission File Number 001-39528

 

PACTIV EVERGREEN INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

98-1538656

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

1900 W. Field Court

Lake Forest, IL

60045

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (847482-2000

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.001 par value

 

PTVE

 

Nasdaq Global Select Market

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  No  

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant, based on the closing price of the shares of common stock on The NASDAQ Stock Market on December 31, 2020, was $710,693,996. The Registrant has elected to use December 31, 2020 as the calculation date, which was the last trading date of the registrant’s most recently completed fiscal year, because on June 30, 2020 (the last business day of the registrant’s second fiscal quarter), the Registrant was a privately-held company.

The number of shares of Registrant’s Common Stock outstanding as of February 19, 2021 was 177,157,710.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the Registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement relating to the Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K where indicated. The Registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this report relates.

 

 

 

 


 

 

Pactiv Evergreen Inc.

 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

PART I

 

1

Item 1.

Business

1

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

8

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

26

Item 2.

Properties

26

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

26

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

26

 

 

 

PART II

 

27

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

27

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

28

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

29

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

44

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

F-1

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

46

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

46

Item 9B.

Other Information

46

 

 

 

PART III

 

47

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance

47

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

47

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

47

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

47

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

47

 

 

 

PART IV

 

48

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

48

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

48

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

52

 

 

 

 


 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report contains certain statements that constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “may,” “might,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” or “continue,” the negative of these terms and other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements, which are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions about us, may include projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth strategies, anticipated trends in our business and anticipated growth in the markets served by our business. These statements are only predictions based on our current expectations and projections about future events. There are important factors that could cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from the results, level of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements, including those factors discussed under the caption entitled “Risk Factors.” You should specifically consider the numerous risks outlined under “Risk Factors.” These risks include, among others, those related to:

 

future costs of raw materials, energy and freight, including the impact of tariffs, trade sanctions and similar matters;

 

competition in the markets in which we operate;

 

changes in consumer lifestyle, eating habits, nutritional preferences and health-related and environmental and sustainability concerns;

 

failure to maintain satisfactory relationships with our major customers;

 

the impact of a loss of any of our key manufacturing facilities;

 

our dependence on suppliers of raw materials and any interruption to our supply of raw materials;

 

the uncertain economic, operational and financial impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic;

 

our ability to realize the benefits of our capital investment, restructuring and other cost savings programs;

 

seasonality and cyclicality;

 

loss of key management or other personnel;

 

uncertain global economic conditions;

 

supply of faulty or contaminated products;

 

compliance with, and liabilities related to, environmental, health and safety laws, regulations and permits;

 

impact of government regulations and judicial decisions affecting products we produce or the products contained in the products we produce;

 

any non-compliance with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or similar laws;

 

the ownership of a majority of the voting power of our common stock by Packaging Finance Limited (“PFL”) and an entity affiliated with Mr. Graeme Hart (together with PFL, the “Hart Stockholders”);

 

our ability to establish independent financial, administrative, and other support functions; and

 

our status as a “controlled company” within the meaning of the rules of Nasdaq.

Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, level of activity, performance or achievements. Moreover, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of any of these forward-looking statements. We are under no duty to update any of these forward-looking statements after the date of this report to conform our prior statements to actual results or revised expectations.

 

 

 


 

 

PART I

Item 1. Business

General

Pactiv Evergreen Inc. (“PTVE”, the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our”), a Delaware corporation, is a leading manufacturer and distributor of fresh foodservice and food merchandising products and fresh beverage cartons in North America. We produce a broad range of products that protect, package and display fresh food and beverages for consumers who want to eat or drink fresh, prepared or ready-to-eat food and beverages conveniently and with confidence. We supply our products to a broad and diversified mix of companies, including full service restaurants (“FSRs”) and quick service restaurants (“QSRs”), foodservice distributors, supermarkets, grocery and healthy eating retailers, other food stores, food and beverage producers and food processors. We operate primarily in North America.

Strategy

We have a culture that constantly seeks to improve the way we work throughout our business, from our products to our manufacturing and distribution processes to the way we work with our customers. We continually seek to optimize our business through comprehensive business reviews, ideation and targeted strategic initiatives. The review process, identification of focus areas, development of actionable improvement programs and implementation and monitoring of these initiatives are coordinated and managed by our Strategic Project Management Office (the “SPMO”). Our strategic initiatives are grouped into six key areas: growth; value-added customer service; profitable innovation; cost reduction; the integration of Beverage Merchandising and sustainability.

 

Growth: Drive growth of our products and support our customers while maintaining our commitment to quality, reliability, service and safety.

 

Value-added customer service: Proactively implement new ways to service our customers and continually seek to refine our value proposition for customers.

 

Profitable innovation: Reinforce our existing product portfolio with new and on-trend products.

 

Cost reduction: Optimize our processes to drive increased profitability and cash flow through automation, digital transformation and streamlining our manufacturing and supply chain.

 

Integration of Beverage Merchandising: Capitalize on commercial and cost synergies from integration of the Beverage Merchandising business.

 

Sustainability: Maintain and grow the broadest sustainable product offering in the industry with a focus on our “Four R’s” of “Reduce,” “Reuse,” “Recycle,” and “Renew.”

Within each of these categories, we have a number of specific initiatives that we believe will improve our business, including: our automation and digital transformation initiatives; growth of our sustainable product offerings; reduction of our carbon footprint in our manufacturing and distribution processes; and our cost reduction programs. We believe it is critical to embrace new technology and we have made significant investment across our business to accelerate growth and optimization opportunities. We rigorously track and measure the progress and results of each of our initiatives. We are focused on long-term planning and goal-setting strategies as well as our near term operating results. We believe our strategic initiatives help drive our revenue growth, increase our market share and increase our margins.

Segment Overview

Our operations consist of manufacturing and selling products through three reportable segments organized across three broad categories:

 

Foodservice. Our Foodservice segment manufactures a broad range of products that enable consumers to eat and drink what they want, where they want and when they want with convenience. Products include food containers, hot and cold cups, lids, dinnerware and other products which make eating on-the-go more enjoyable and easy to do. Foodservice’s customer base includes chain restaurants, FSRs, established and emerging QSRs, distributors, institutional foodservice (e.g. airports, schools and hospitals) and convenience stores.

 

Food Merchandising. Our Food Merchandising segment manufactures products that protect and attractively display food while preserving freshness. Products include clear rigid-display containers, containers for prepared and ready-to-eat food, trays for meat and poultry and molded fiber cartons. Food Merchandising’s customers include supermarkets, grocery and healthy eating retailers and other food stores as well as meat, egg, agricultural and consumer packaged goods (“CPG”) processors.

1


 

 

Beverage Merchandising. Our Beverage Merchandising segment manufactures cartons for fresh refrigerated beverage products, primarily serving dairy (including plant-based, organic and specialties), juice and other specialty beverage end-markets. Products include integrated fresh carton systems, which include printed cartons with high-impact graphics, spouts and filling machines. Beverage Merchandising also produces fiber-based liquid packaging board for its internal requirements and to sell to other fresh beverage carton manufacturers, as well as a range of paper-based products which it sells to paper and packaging converters. Beverage Merchandising’s customers include dairy, juice and specialty beverage producers, cup, plate and container manufacturers, and other beverage carton manufacturers.

We use segment adjusted earnings before income taxes and depreciation and amortization (“Adjusted EBITDA”) to evaluate segment performance and allocate resources. We believe it is appropriate to disclose this measure to help investors analyze segment performance and trends. For a definition and reconciliation of segment Adjusted EBITDA to consolidated pre-tax earnings as well as other information on our segments, see Note 21, Segment Information, to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

The pie charts below show the breakdown of our net external revenues from continuing operations for fiscal years 2020, 2019 and 2018 by our segments.

(1) Other represents residual businesses that do not represent a reportable segment.

The pie charts below show the breakdown of our net revenues from continuing operations for fiscal years 2020, 2019 and 2018 by our products.

Divestitures and Distributions

The assets, liabilities, results of operations and supplemental cash flow information of substantially all of our Closures business, sold in December 2019, all of our former Reynolds Consumer Products Inc. ("RCPI") segment, distributed in February 2020, and all of our former Graham Packaging Company ("GPC") segment, distributed in September 2020, are presented as discontinued operations for all years presented. For additional details on divestitures and distributions of certain operations that impacted our results, see Note 3, Discontinued Operations, to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Customers

We supply our products to a broad and diversified mix of companies, including FSRs and QSRs, foodservice distributors, supermarkets, grocery and healthy eating retailers, other food stores, food and beverage producers, food packers and food processors. Our customers range from large blue-chip multinational companies to national and regional companies to small local businesses. We have developed strong and longstanding relationships with our customers. No single customer accounted for 10% or more of our net revenues from continuing operations in 2020. Our five largest customers accounted for 28% and our ten largest customers accounted for 37% of net revenues from continuing operations in 2020.

2


 

Seasonality

Our business does not experience high seasonality due to the complementary nature of the seasonal effects on our segments, though portions of our business are moderately seasonal. Our Foodservice and Food Merchandising operations peak during the summer and fall months in North America when the favorable weather, harvest and holiday seasons lead to increased consumption, resulting in greater levels of sales in the second and third quarters. Beverage Merchandising’s customers are principally engaged in providing products that are generally less sensitive to seasonal effects, although Beverage Merchandising does experience some seasonality as a result of increased consumption of milk by school children during the North American academic year, resulting in a greater level of carton product sales in the first and fourth quarters. The COVID-19 pandemic impacted our business results during the year ended December 31, 2020. Refer to Recent Developments and Significant Items Impacting Comparability – COVID-19 within Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for further details.

Competition

The markets in which we sell our products historically have been, and continue to be, highly competitive. Areas of competition include service, innovation, quality and price. While we have long-term relationships with many of our customers, the underlying contracts may be re-bid or renegotiated from time to time, and we may not be successful in renewing on favorable terms or at all, as pricing and other competitive pressures may occasionally result in the loss of a customer relationship. The loss of business from our larger customers, or the renewal of business on less favorable terms, may have a significant impact on our operating results.

Distribution and Marketing

We have a large well-invested, manufacturing base and a hub-and-spoke distribution network in the United States and in the international geographies in which we operate. The majority of our assets are in the United States, which allows us to provide an extensive offering of products manufactured in the United States to our customers. We believe our manufacturing footprint and distribution network provides us a competitive advantage in each of our segments. Foodservice is the only manufacturer among its competitors in the United States with an extensive nationwide hub-and-spoke distribution network, which enables customers to buy across our entire product offering. Food Merchandising is a low cost U.S. manufacturer with well-invested facilities that are within close proximity to our customer base. We have an unrivalled product offering in the North American foodservice and food merchandising markets and a “one-face-to-the-customer” service model. This service model uses one sales representative per account to produce one order with multiple SKUs supported by one customer service representative that is responsible for one shipment with one invoice. We believe Beverage Merchandising is uniquely positioned in the U.S. and in the emerging markets we serve as the only producer that manufactures fresh beverage cartons, filling machinery and liquid packaging board, which we believe positions us as a low cost solution with excellent customer service.

We have made manufacturing flexibility a priority in our investment of capital. We are able to offer substrates and product lines to match changing market needs efficiently and at low cost. This enables us to scale production to match the requirements of our customers and trends in the market, including for example, increasing our use of recycled and recyclable material to produce a greater number of sustainable products and earn higher margins from the sale of these products. We have strategically invested in flexible manufacturing assets that can be quickly converted to produce alternative products. Our broad manufacturing base includes approximately 900 production lines and we manufacture approximately 115 billion units each year.

Foodservice has 16 manufacturing plants. Food Merchandising has 24 manufacturing plants. Foodservice and Food Merchandising share the use of 26 warehouses and 8 regional mixing centers. Beverage Merchandising has 6 U.S. beverage carton manufacturing plants, 7 international beverage carton manufacturing plants (including 3 plants in our joint ventures), 2 filling machinery plants, 3 extrusion plants, 2 integrated liquid packaging board and paper mills and 3 chip mills. Each of our manufacturing plants is managed by a manufacturing director, and we utilize lean operating practices and information systems to measure performance against objective metrics to optimize manufacturing efficiency and reduce cost.

Raw Materials

The primary raw materials used to manufacture our products are plastic resins, fiber (principally raw wood and wood chips) and paperboard (principally cartonboard and cupstock). We also use commodity chemicals, steel and energy, including fuel oil, electricity, natural gas and coal, to manufacture our products. Purchases of most of our raw materials are based on negotiated rates with suppliers, which are tied to published indices. Typically, we do not enter into long-term purchase contracts that provide for fixed quantities or prices for our principal raw materials. For Beverage Merchandising, most raw materials and other input costs are purchased on the spot market.

Resin prices have historically fluctuated with changes in the prices of crude oil and natural gas, as well as changes in refining capacity and the demand for other petroleum-based products. The prices of raw wood and wood chips may fluctuate due to external conditions such as weather, product scarcity and commodity market fluctuations and changes in governmental policies and regulations. The cost of our raw materials can also be affected by tariffs, trade sanctions and similar matters that affect international commerce.

3


 

We address higher commodity costs through higher product pricing, manufacturing and overhead cost control and hedging. Revenue is directly impacted by changes in raw material costs as a result of raw material cost pass-through mechanisms in many of the customer pricing agreements entered into by our segments. Generally, the contractual price adjustments do not occur simultaneously with commodity price fluctuations, but rather on a mutually agreed upon schedule. Due to differences in timing between purchases of raw materials and sales to customers, there is often a lead-lag effect, during which margins are negatively impacted in the short term when raw material costs increase and positively impacted in the short term when raw material costs decrease. Historically, the average lag time in implementing raw material cost pass-through mechanisms has been approximately three months. We use hedging techniques to limit the impact of fluctuations in the cost of our principal raw materials; however, we may not be able to fully hedge against commodity cost changes, and our hedging strategies may not protect us from increases in specific raw material costs.

At this time, we believe there will continue to be an adequate supply of the raw materials we use and that they will generally remain available from numerous sources.

For additional information on our commodity costs, refer to Financial Outlook – Raw Materials and Energy Prices within Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. 

Intellectual Property and Research and Development

We have a proven history of product innovation, including the introduction of new products and the addition of innovative features to existing products. Innovation is a core capability we are proud of and a key focus area going forward as we strive to enhance our product portfolio, drive growth and increase margins.

We have significant intellectual property and proprietary know-how. We hold over 400 patents related to product design, utility and material formulations.

Our primary focus areas for product innovation are the development of packaging with new value-add features, engineering new materials that improve the performance of our products and commercializing new environmentally-friendly packaging solutions. Both consumer preferences and the requirements of our customers continually evolve and we strive to develop new value-add features and products to meet those needs. Through our long-standing customer relationships, we gain valuable insight into our customers’ needs and are able to identify, engineer and develop the optimal products for them. Functionality, quality, material savings, brand marketing and safety are key drivers in our product development. Examples of our product innovations include reclosable beverage cartons, strawless lids, compostable cutlery and recycled polyethylene terephthalate “PET” containers.

In Foodservice, our product innovation initiatives are focused on developing new products made from sustainable materials. In Food Merchandising, our product innovation is focused on rapidly growing emerging companies for whom packaging helps deliver their brand. In Beverage Merchandising, we have developed a variety of carton designs to help beverage manufacturers differentiate their products and generate stronger brand recognition. Our barrier board technology allows our customers to achieve longer shelf life for their products as well as protecting against the loss of vitamins and other nutrients.

In 2020, 2019 and 2018, we spent a total of $20 million, $22 million and $19 million, respectively, on research and development efforts. We have dedicated technology and innovation facilities, and we employ personnel focused on product development, material innovation and process improvement. Our material science expertise and state-of-the-art product design and testing capabilities enable us to engineer high-performing materials and create new and innovative products to meet the demanding requirements of our customers and the preferences of consumers as well as to increase food safety. We use our material science expertise to focus on sustainability, performance and material savings. We have an industry-leading analytical lab and dedicated technology center in Canandaigua, New York where we develop innovative resin blending and compounding formulations and processes and new engineered materials using paper/fiber substrates. We also have an innovation center in Bedford Park, Illinois where we have on-site design, testing, prototyping and production capabilities. These unique material and product design capabilities allow us to partner with our customers to rapidly develop and commercialize new and innovative solutions that further increase the value we provide our customers.

Regulation

Our products are formulated and fabricated in compliance with all applicable food laws and regulations. In addition, our production facilities are independently audited for adherence to good manufacturing practices. All North American Beverage Merchandising facilities have received Safe Quality Food (“SQF”) certification, and 22 Foodservice and Food Merchandising facilities have achieved British Retail Consortium (“BRC”) certification for meeting globally-recognized standards related to food safety and quality. Additionally, our paper mills are FSSC 22000-certified, the relevant scheme also related to food safety management.

We have programs across our businesses to ensure we remain in compliance with all applicable food laws and regulations, as well as compliance with state and local government environmental regulations. For a more detailed description of the various laws and regulations that affect our business, see Item 1A. "Risk Factors".

 

4


 

 

Sustainability and Environmental

We believe we offer the most extensive selection of eco-friendly fresh food and beverage products in North America that are manufactured from recycled, recyclable or renewable materials and we continue to grow our offering of sustainable products with new bio-resin and fiber-based offerings. We offer customers sustainable alternatives across nearly all of our products and categories today and we believe our EarthChoice brand is the largest eco-friendly foodservice brand with one of the broadest product lines in the North American foodservice industry.

We offer a broad range of sustainable products that are made with recycled, recyclable or renewable materials. We manufacture an eco-friendly alternative across nearly our entire range of products and offer products made from seven different types of sustainable substrates. Through our state-of-the-art production technology and material science experience, we have the ability to develop new value-add and sustainable solutions. We believe we are well positioned to benefit from changing consumer preferences for more environmentally sustainable products. In fiscal year 2020, approximately 63% of net revenue from continuing operations came from products made from recycled, recyclable or renewable materials, and we have set a goal of having 100% of our net revenue come from such products by 2030.

In addition, many of our customers have publicly-stated goals to increase the use of sustainable products. A significant portion of our new product and material innovations are geared toward developing sustainable products for our customers. As current customers using traditional materials look to switch to more sustainable alternatives, we are well-positioned to quickly and effectively support them. With a high percentage of our net revenue coming from products that are made from recyclable or other sustainable materials, we are helping our customers achieve their own sustainability goals.

In addition to using recyclable and compostable materials, we support efforts to expand opportunities for consumers to recycle or compost our products, notably as one of the founding members of the Carton Council, Paper Recovery Alliance, Plastics Recovery Group, Foam Recycling Coalition and the Paper Cup Alliance. We have demonstrated our commitment to use more recycled plastic by joining the Association for Plastic Recyclers’ Demand Champions program. We engage with the composting industry through the U.S. Composting Council, and a growing number of our products are certified compostable by the Biodegradable Products Institute. We are a longstanding member of the Sustainable Packaging Coalition, an industry working group dedicated to a more robust environmental vision for packaging.

Our dedication to sustainability goes beyond just the products we manufacture. Within our operations, we are working to limit our environmental impact by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption, as well as minimizing water use and decreasing waste going to landfills. We’re focusing on what’s material to our company, and from 2015 to 2019, we achieved a 12% reduction in absolute energy consumption, and a 10% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.

Improving energy efficiency is critical to us as energy expenses are among our highest cost categories to manufacture our products. We’re also looking to use more renewable energy, which further reduces our greenhouse gas emissions. Today, about half of our annual energy consumption comes from renewable sources including biomass, hydropower, wind and solar.

Efforts to minimize our water usage takes various forms, given the variety of operations we run. We primarily use water for process operations, cooling and cleaning. The majority of our water use occurs at our two paper mills. Most of our water use is “non-consumptive use,” which means the water is treated and returned back to the environment after being used in our operations.

Reducing waste in our operations is an ongoing, company-wide pursuit. We reuse a significant majority of plastic and paper scrap back in manufacturing our own products and implement programs to reduce scrap in production as much as possible. The plastic or paper scrap that cannot be reused in the manufacturing process is recycled by other third parties where possible.

Protecting the sustainability of our forests is a critical initiative, given our broad use of paper through our product offerings. Our Beverage Merchandising business holds third-party certifications from three independent internationally recognized organizations which demonstrates our commitment to responsible forest management, wood procurement procedures and chain-of-custody procedures. In 2020, we were awarded the American Forest & Paper Association’s 2020 Leadership in Sustainability Award for Sustainable Forest Management.

In September 2020, we issued our 2019-2020 Sustainability Report, which includes expanded reporting on environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) topics and highlights our progress towards our ESG initiatives.

Governance

We have implemented a strong, independent governance program. The composition of our board of directors reflects our commitment to independence. Of the seven members of the board, four are independent members, including two women one of which is also from an underrepresented minority. The chairman of our board of directors is also an independent member.

5


 

We adopted the Pactiv Evergreen Inc. Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, which qualifies as a code of ethics under Item 406 of Regulation S-K. The code applies to our directors and all of our employees, including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, and persons performing similar functions. In addition, we adopted Corporate Governance Guidelines, charters for each of the Board’s three standing committees. All of these materials are available on our web site at www.pactivevergreen.com/corporate-governance/documents-charters and will be provided, free of charge, to any stockholder who requests a copy.

References to our website address do not constitute incorporation by reference of the information contained on the website, and the information contained on the website is not part of this document.

Human Capital Resources

We employed approximately 14,600 people at December 31, 2020. Employees represented by labor unions or workers’ councils represent 31% of our employees. Our operations are subject to various local, national and multinational laws and regulations relating to our relationships with our employees. We are a party to numerous collective bargaining agreements and we work to renegotiate these collective bargaining agreements on satisfactory terms when they expire.

Workforce Health and Safety

We are committed to engaging our employees and communities through a variety of social initiatives centered around safety, leadership and community involvement. Safety is a core value and affects everything we do. Our manufacturing facilities have achieved safety metrics that are approximately three times better than industry average in 2020. We had a total recordable incidence rate of 1.40 compared to the industry average of 3.40, a total lost time rate of 0.97 compared to the industry average of 2.00, and a total lost workday rate of 0.30 compared to an industry average of 0.90.

Diversity, Inclusion and Talent Development

We are committed to values of respect for our people and our communities and we focus on attracting and retaining a diverse workforce. For example, we engage our communities and provide leadership opportunities for our employees through our Operations Leadership Development Program and our Leadership Advisory Council. Our Operations Leadership Development Program recruits Junior Military Officers and puts them through an intensive training program to fast-track their transition into manufacturing and logistics leadership roles. Thirty-seven candidates have successfully completed or are currently enrolled in this program and seven are currently Plant Managers or Warehouse Operations Managers. Our Leadership Advisory Council identifies high performing and high potential employees. We also provide these employees with the executive mentorship and guidance needed for them to excel, and we provide them with leadership and strategy development training. This program has been highly successful, with two of our CEO’s direct reports having participated in the program. Our diversity, equity and inclusion principles are also reflected in our employee training and policies.

Executive Officers  

The following table presents the names of the executive officers as of February 25, 2021:

Name

 

Age

 

Position

Executive Officers

 

 

 

 

John McGrath

 

62

 

Chief Executive Officer

Michael Ragen

 

49

 

Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer

John Rooney

 

57

 

President, Beverage Merchandising

Tim Levenda

 

53

 

President, Foodservice

Eric Wulf

 

39

 

President, Food Merchandising

Mr. McGrath has been a member of our board of directors since August 2020 and was appointed as our Chief Executive Officer upon the completion of our IPO in September 2020. Prior to that appointment, Mr. McGrath served as the Chief Executive Officer and the President of Pactiv from 2010 to September 2020. Prior to becoming Chief Executive Officer of Pactiv, Mr. McGrath served as Vice President of Sales, Marketing and Product Development for Pactiv’s foodservice and food packaging division. Formerly, Mr. McGrath served as the general manager of Pactiv’s food processor business and prior to that, Vice President of Logistics. He has also held various positions in sales, marketing and product development throughout his career. Mr. McGrath is the past chairman of the Foodservice Packaging Institute. Also, Mr. McGrath was a member of the board of directors of OmniMax International, Inc from 2016 to 2020. Mr. McGrath was selected to serve on our board of directors because of the perspective, management, leadership experience and operational expertise in our business. Mr. McGrath received an MBA from Northwestern University and a Bachelor of Science majoring in Engineering from the United States Military Academy at West Point.

6


 

Mr. Ragen was appointed as our Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer upon the completion of our IPO in September 2020. From October 2018 to September 2020, Mr. Ragen served as Chief Operating and Financial Officer of Pactiv, and as Chief Financial Officer since 2014. Prior to joining Pactiv in 2014, Mr. Ragen served as an executive for the Rank Group Limited (“Rank”) from 2012 to 2014, held various roles with AB Mauri from 2004 to 2011 and with Burns, Philp & Company Limited from 1994 to 2004. Mr. Ragen is a CPA certified by the Australian Society of CPAs and received a Bachelor of Business from the University of Technology, Sydney.

Mr. Rooney has served as the President of Beverage Merchandising since January 2020. Mr. Rooney served as the Chief Executive Officer of Evergreen from 2018 to 2020. He also served as Chief Executive Officer of the combined operations of Evergreen and our former Graham Packaging and Closures segments from late 2015 to early 2018 and Chief Executive Officer of Graham Packaging from November 2015 to late 2018. He also served as Chief Executive Officer of Evergreen from June 2011 to October 2015. Mr. Rooney has worked at Evergreen since 1991 in a number of progressive leadership assignments including Plant Manager, International Marketing, Business Integration and General Manager of Evergreen Packaging Equipment. Mr. Rooney received an MBA from Penn State University and a Bachelor of Science majoring in Chemistry from the University of Connecticut.

Mr. Levenda has served as the President of Foodservice since September 2019. From December 2014 to September 2019, he served as Senior Vice President, Foodservice. Mr. Levenda first joined Pactiv in 2007 as Executive Director, Sales, following Pactiv’s acquisition of Prairie Packaging LLC, where he served as Executive Director, Sales since 2000, and Regional Sales Manager from 1998 to 2000. Mr. Levenda worked as a Regional Sales Manager for Marcal Paper Mills from 1992 to 1998, and in various roles at Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Chicago from 1990 to 1992. Mr. Levenda received a Bachelor of Arts majoring in Economics from Wabash College.

Mr. Wulf has served as the President of Food Merchandising since March 2020. From August 2019 to March 2020, he served at Pactiv as the President of Food Packaging, and previously as Vice President, Food Packaging from July 2014 to August 2019. Mr. Wulf joined Pactiv in 2003 as a Customer Account Representative and has held various other roles including Territory Account Manager, Associate Product Manager, Product Manager, and Business Manager. He serves as Chairman on the Board of Directors for Foodservice Packaging Institute and is a member of the Economic Club of Chicago. Mr. Wulf received an MBA from Northwestern University, and a Bachelor of Science majoring in Computer Engineering from Iowa State University.

Available Information

Our Internet address is www.pactivevergreen.com. Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), are available free of charge as soon as possible after we electronically file them with, or furnish them to, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). You can access our filings with the SEC by visiting www.pactivevergreen.com/financial-information/sec-filings. The information on our web site is not, and shall not be deemed to be, a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K or incorporated into any other filings we make with the SEC.


7


 

 

Item 1A: Risk Factors

You should carefully read the following discussion of significant factors, events and uncertainties when evaluating our business and the forward-looking information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section and the consolidated financial statements and related notes. The events and consequences discussed in these risk factors could materially and adversely affect our business, operating results, liquidity and financial condition. While we believe we have identified and discussed below the key risk factors affecting our business, these risk factors do not identify all the risks we face, and there may be additional risks and uncertainties that we do not presently know or that we do not currently believe to be significant that may have a material adverse effect on our business, performance or financial condition in the future.

Summary Risk Factors

Our business is subject to numerous risks and uncertainties as fully described below. The principal factors and uncertainties include, among others:

 

future costs of raw materials, energy and freight, including the impact of tariffs, trade sanctions and similar matters;

 

competition in the markets in which we operate;

 

changes in consumer lifestyle, eating habits, nutritional preferences and health-related and environmental and sustainability concerns;

 

failure to maintain satisfactory relationships with our major customers;

 

the impact of a loss of any of our key manufacturing facilities;

 

our dependence on suppliers of raw materials and any interruption to our supply of raw materials;

 

the uncertain economic, operational and financial impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic;

 

our ability to realize the benefits of our capital investment, restructuring and other cost savings programs;

 

seasonality and cyclicality;

 

loss of key management or other personnel;

 

uncertain global economic conditions;

 

supply of faulty or contaminated products;

 

compliance with, and liabilities related to, environmental, health and safety laws, regulations and permits;

 

impact of government regulations and judicial decisions affecting products we produce or the products contained in the products we produce;

 

any non-compliance with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or similar laws;

 

the ownership of a majority of the voting power of our common stock by Packaging Finance Limited (“PFL”) and an entity affiliated with Mr. Graeme Hart (together with PFL, the “Hart Stockholders”);

 

our ability to establish independent financial, administrative, and other support functions; and

 

our status as a “controlled company” within the meaning of the rules of Nasdaq.

 

Risks Relating to Our Business and Industry

Our business is impacted by fluctuations in raw material, energy and freight costs, including the impact of tariffs, trade and similar matters.

Fluctuations in raw material costs can adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Raw material costs represent a significant portion of our cost of sales. The primary raw materials used in our products are plastic resins principally polystyrene, polypropylene, polyethylene terephthalate, polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene and polylactic acid), fiber (principally recycled newsprint, raw wood and wood chips) and paperboard (principally cartonboard and cupstock) and aluminum.

8


 

The prices of many of our raw materials have fluctuated significantly in recent years. Raw material price fluctuations are generally due to movements in commodity market prices although some raw materials, such as wood, may be affected by local market conditions (including weather) as well as the commodity market. We typically do not enter into long-term purchase contracts that provide for fixed prices for our principal raw materials. While we regularly enter into hedging agreements for some of our raw materials and energy sources, such as resin (or components thereof), natural gas and diesel, to minimize the impact of such fluctuations, these hedging agreements do not cover all of our needs, and hedging may reduce the positive impact we may otherwise receive when raw material prices decline.

In addition, over the last several years, there has been a trend toward consolidation among suppliers of many of our principal raw materials, and we expect that this trend will continue. Consolidation among our key suppliers could enhance their ability to increase prices, forcing us to pay more for such raw materials. We may be unable to pass on such cost increases to customers which could result in lower margins or lost sales.

Although many of our customer pricing agreements include raw material cost pass-through mechanisms, which mitigate the impact of changes in raw material costs, the contractual price changes do not occur simultaneously with raw material price changes. Due to differences in timing between purchases of raw materials and sales to customers, there is often a “lead-lag” effect during which margins are negatively impacted in periods of rising raw material costs and positively impacted in periods of falling raw material costs. Moreover, many of our sales are not covered by such pass-through mechanisms, and while we also use price increases, whenever possible, to mitigate the effect of raw material cost increases for customers that are not subject to raw material cost pass-through agreements, we often are not able to pass on cost increases to our customers on a timely basis, if at all, and consequently do not always recover the lost margin resulting from the cost increases. Additionally, an increase in the selling prices for the products we produce resulting from a pass-through of increased raw material costs or freight costs could have an adverse impact on the volume of units we sell.

In addition to our dependence on primary raw materials, we are also dependent on different sources of energy for our operations, such as coal, fuel oil, electricity and natural gas. For example, Beverage Merchandising is susceptible to price fluctuations in natural gas as it incurs significant natural gas costs to convert raw wood and wood chips to liquid packaging board. In addition, if some of our large energy contracts were to be terminated for any reason or not renewed upon expiration, or if market conditions were to substantially change resulting in a significant increase in the price of coal, fuel oil, electricity and/or natural gas, we may not be able to find alternative, comparable suppliers or suppliers capable of providing coal, fuel oil, electricity and/or natural gas on terms or in amounts satisfactory to us. As a result of any of these events, our business, financial condition and operating results may suffer.

We are also dependent on third parties for the transportation of both our raw materials and other products that we purchase for our operations and the products that we sell to our customers. In certain jurisdictions, we are exposed to import duties and freight costs, the latter of which is influenced by carrier availability and the fluctuating costs of oil and other transportation costs.

The cost of raw materials and other goods and services required to operate our business are also impacted by governmental actions, such as tariffs and trade sanctions. For example, the imposition by the U.S. government of tariffs on products imported from certain countries and trade sanctions against certain countries have introduced greater uncertainty with respect to U.S. trade policies, which have impacted the cost of certain raw materials, including aluminum and resin, and other goods and services required to operate our business. Major developments in trade relations, including the imposition of new or increased tariffs by the United States and/or other countries, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We operate in highly competitive markets.

We operate in highly competitive markets. The following companies, among others, compete with us: Dart Container Corporation, Huhtamäki Oyj, Berry Global Group, Inc., Genpak LLC, Sonoco, Paper Excellence Group, Stora Enso Oyj, Amcor plc, Sealed Air Corporation, Silgan Holdings, SIG Combibloc and Elopak. Some of our competitors have significantly higher market shares in select product lines than we do globally or in the geographic markets in which we compete. Some of our competitors offer a more specialized variety of materials and concepts in select product lines and may serve more geographic regions through various distribution channels. Some of our competitors may have lower costs or greater financial and other resources than we do and may be less adversely affected than we are by price declines or by increases in raw material costs or otherwise may be better able to withstand adverse economic or market conditions.

In addition to existing competitors, we also face the threat of competition from new entrants to our markets. To the extent there are new entrants, increasing or even maintaining our market shares or margins may be more difficult. In addition to other suppliers of similar products, our business also faces competition from products made from other substrates. The prices that we can charge for our products are therefore constrained by the availability and cost of substitutes.

In addition, we are subject to the risk that competitors following lower social responsibility standards may enter the market with lower compliance, labor and other costs than ours, and we may not be able to compete with such companies for the most price-conscious customers.

9


 

The combination of these market influences has created a competitive environment in which product pricing (including volume rebates and other items impacting net pricing), quality and service are key competitive factors. Our customers continuously evaluate their suppliers, often resulting in downward pricing pressure and increased pressure to continuously introduce and commercialize innovative new products, improve quality and customer service and maintain strong relationships with our customers. We may lose customers in the future, which would adversely affect our business and results of operations. These competitive pressures could result in reduced net revenues and profitability and limit our ability to recover cost increases through price increases and, unless we are able to control our operating costs, our gross margin may be adversely affected.

Our business could be harmed by changes in consumer lifestyle, eating habits and nutritional preferences and health-related and environmental or sustainability concerns of consumers, investors and government and non-governmental organizations.

Many of our products are used by consumers in connection with food or beverage products. Any reduction in consumer demand for those products as a result of lifestyle, environmental, nutritional or health considerations could have a significant impact on our customers and, as a result, on our financial condition and results of operations. This includes the demand for the products that we make, as well as demand for our customer’s products. For example, certain of our products are used for dairy and fresh juice. Sales of those products have generally declined over recent years, requiring us to find new markets for our products. Additionally, there is increasing concern about the environmental impact of the manufacturing, shipping and/or use of single-use food packaging and foodservice products. For instance, some U.S. municipalities and states and certain other countries have proposed or enacted legislation prohibiting or restricting the sale and use of certain foodservice products and requiring them to be replaced with recyclable or compostable alternatives. Several provinces in Canada have enacted, and several U.S. states have proposed, legislation imposing fees or other costs on manufacturers and other suppliers of single-use food packaging and foodservice products to encourage and fund recycling of such products. Product stewardship and resource sustainability concerns of consumers, investors and government and non-governmental organizations, including the recycling of products and product packaging and restrictions on the use of potentially harmful materials in products, have received increased attention in recent years and are likely to play an increasing role in brand management and consumer purchasing decisions. In addition, changes in consumer lifestyle may result in decreasing demand for certain of our products. Our financial position and results of operations might be adversely affected to the extent that such environmental or sustainability concerns, prohibitions or restrictions on disposable packaging and products or changes in consumer lifestyle reduce demand for our products.

If we fail to maintain satisfactory relationships with our major customers, our results of operations could be adversely affected.

Many of our customers are large and possess significant market leverage, which results in significant downward pricing pressure and often constrains our ability to pass through price increases. We sell the majority of our products under multi-year agreements with customers, although some of these agreements may be terminated at the convenience of the customer on short notice; the balance of our products are sold on a purchase order basis without any commitment from the customers to purchase any quantity of products in the future. If our major customers reduce purchasing volumes or stop purchasing our products, our business and results of operations would likely be adversely affected. It is possible that we will lose customers in the future, which may adversely affect our business and results of operations.

Over the last several years, there has been a trend toward consolidation among our customers in the food and beverage industry and in the retail and foodservice industries, and we expect that this trend will continue. Consolidation among our customers could increase their ability to apply price pressure, and thereby force us to reduce our selling prices or lose sales, which would impact our results of operations. Following a consolidation, our customers in the food and beverage industry may also close production facilities or switch suppliers, while our customers in the retail industry may close stores, reduce inventory or switch suppliers of consumer products. Any of these actions could adversely impact the sales of our products.

In fiscal year 2020, our top ten customers accounted for 37% of our net revenues. The loss of any of our significant customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Loss of any of our key manufacturing equipment or facilities or equipment failure could have an adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

While we manufacture most of our products in a number of diversified facilities, a loss of the use of all or a portion of any of our key manufacturing facilities due to an accident, labor issues, weather conditions, pandemics, terrorism, natural disaster or otherwise, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. Certain of our products are produced at only one or at a small number of facilities, increasing the risks associated with a loss of use of such facilities. Facilities may from time to time be impacted by adverse weather and other natural events, and the prolonged loss of a key manufacturing facility due to such events could have a material adverse effect on our business. In addition, certain of our equipment requires significant effort to maintain and repair, and prolonged down-time due to key equipment failure or loss could have a material adverse effect on our business.

10


 

We depend on a small number of suppliers for our raw materials and any interruption in our supply of raw materials would harm our business and financial performance.

Some of our key raw materials are sourced from a single supplier or a relatively small number of suppliers. As a consequence, we are dependent on these suppliers for an uninterrupted supply of our key raw materials. Such supply could be disrupted for a wide variety of reasons, many of which are beyond our control. We have written contracts with some but not all of our key suppliers, and many of our written contracts can be terminated on short notice or include force majeure clauses that would excuse the supplier’s failure to supply in certain circumstances. An interruption in the supply of raw materials for an extended period of time could have an adverse impact on our business and results of operations.

The COVID-19 pandemic and associated responses could adversely impact our business and results of operations.

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted economic activity and markets throughout the world. In response, governmental authorities have implemented numerous measures in an attempt to contain the virus, such as travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, “stay-at-home” orders and business shutdowns. The pandemic and the measures instituted by governmental authorities and associated responses to the COVID-19 pandemic could continue to adversely impact our business and results of operations in a number of ways, including but not limited to:

 

impacts on our operations, including total or partial shutdowns of one or more of our manufacturing, warehousing or distribution facilities, including but not limited to, as a result of illness, government restrictions or other workforce disruptions;

 

the failure of third parties on which we rely, including but not limited to those that supply our raw materials and other necessary operating materials, co-manufacturers and independent contractors, to meet their obligations to us, or significant disruptions in their ability to do so;

 

a strain on our supply chain, which could result from continued increased retailer and consumer demand for our products;

 

a disruption to our distribution capabilities or to our distribution channels, including those of our suppliers, manufacturers, logistics service providers or distributors;

 

new or escalated government or regulatory responses in markets in which we manufacture, sell or distribute our products, or in the markets of third parties on which we rely, which could prevent or disrupt our business operations;

 

higher employee compensation costs, as well as incremental costs associated with newly added health screenings, temperature checks and enhanced cleaning and sanitation protocols to protect our employees;

 

significant reductions or volatility in demand for one or more of our products, which may be caused by, among other things: lower customer demand as a result of the temporary inability of consumers to purchase items that use our products due to illness, quarantine or other travel restrictions, or financial hardship; customers modifying their inventory, fulfillment or shipping practices; governmental restrictions and business closings; or pantry-loading activity or other changes in buying patterns;

 

a disruption or delay in executing our strategic capital initiatives, including mill operational improvement programs, due to travel restrictions and / or health and safety concerns limiting access to our sites;

 

local, regional, national or international economic slowdowns; and

 

volatility in the net liability for our pension plans, with the value of plan assets and liabilities impacted by changes in financial markets.

The ultimate impact depends on the severity and duration of the current COVID-19 pandemic and actions taken by governmental authorities and other third parties in response, as well as the distribution and inoculation of the general population with the COVID-19 vaccines, each of which is uncertain, rapidly changing and difficult to predict. These disruptions have and could continue to adversely impact our business and results of operations. In addition, these and other impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic could have the effect of heightening many of the other risk factors disclosed in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

 

 

 

 

 

11


 

 

We may not be able to achieve some or all of the benefits that we expect to achieve from our capital investment, restructuring and other cost savings programs.

We regularly review our business to identify opportunities to reduce our costs. When we identify such opportunities, we may develop a capital investment, restructuring or other cost savings program to attempt to capture those savings, such as our strategic capital investment program. We may not be able to realize some or all of the cost savings we expect to achieve in the future as a result of our capital investment, restructuring and other cost savings programs in the time frame we anticipate. A variety of factors could cause us not to realize some of the expected cost savings, including, among others, delays in the anticipated timing of activities related to our cost savings programs, lack of sustainability in cost savings over time, unexpected costs associated with implementing the programs or operating our business, and lack of ability to eliminate duplicative back office overhead and redundant selling, general and administrative functions, obtain procurement related savings, rationalize our distribution and warehousing networks, rationalize manufacturing capacity and shift production to more economical facilities and avoid labor disruptions in connection with any integration, particularly in connection with any headcount reduction.

We are affected by seasonality and cyclicality.

Demand for certain of our products is moderately seasonal. Our Foodservice and Food Merchandising operations peak during the summer and fall months in North America when the favorable weather, harvest and holiday season lead to increased consumption, resulting in greater levels of sales in the second and third quarters. Beverage Merchandising’s customers are principally engaged in providing products that are generally less sensitive to seasonal effects, although Beverage Merchandising does experience some seasonality as a result of increased consumption of milk by school children during the North American academic year, resulting in a greater level of carton product sales in the first and fourth quarters. In addition, the market for some of our products can be cyclical and sensitive to changes in general business conditions, industry capacity, consumer preferences and other factors. As previously mentioned, our results in 2020 were impacted significantly by the COVID-19 pandemic. We have no control over these factors and they can significantly influence our financial performance.

Loss of our key management and other personnel, or an inability to attract new management and other personnel, could impact our business.

We depend on our senior executive officers and other key personnel to operate our business and on our in-house technical experts to develop new products and technologies and to service our customers. The loss of any of these officers or other key personnel could adversely affect our operations. Competition is intense for qualified employees among companies that rely heavily on engineering and technology, and the loss of qualified employees or an inability to attract, retain and motivate additional highly skilled employees required for the operation and expansion of our business could hinder our ability to successfully conduct research and development activities or develop and support marketable products.

Uncertain global economic conditions could have an adverse effect on our business and financial performance.

General economic downturns in our key geographic regions and globally can adversely affect our business operations, demand for our products and our financial results. The current global economic challenges, including relatively high levels of unemployment in certain areas in which we operate, low economic growth and difficulties associated with managing rising debt levels and related economic volatility in certain economies, could put pressure on the global economy and our business. When challenging economic conditions exist, our customers may delay, decrease or cancel purchases from us, and may also delay payment or fail to pay us altogether. Suppliers may have difficulty filling our orders and distributors may have difficulty getting our products to customers, which may affect our ability to meet customer demands, and result in a loss of business. Weakened global economic conditions may also result in unfavorable changes in our product prices and product mix and lower profit margins. All of these factors could have a material adverse effect on demand for our products, our cash flow, financial condition and results of operations.

Supply of faulty or contaminated products could harm our reputation and business.

Although we have control measures and systems in place to ensure the maximum safety and quality of our products is maintained, the consequences of not being able to do so, due to accidental or malicious raw material contamination, or due to supply chain contamination caused by human error or faulty equipment, could be severe. Such consequences may include adverse effects on consumer health, reputation, loss of customers and market share, financial costs or loss of revenue. If any of our products are found to be defective, we could be required to recall such products, which could result in adverse publicity, significant expenses and a disruption in sales and could affect our reputation and that of our products. Although we maintain product liability insurance coverage, potential product liability claims may exceed the amount of insurance coverage or potential product liability claims may be excluded under the terms of the policy. In addition, if any of our competitors or customers supply faulty or contaminated products to the market, or if manufacturers of the end-products that utilize our products produce faulty or contaminated products, our industry, or our end-products’ industries, could be negatively impacted, which could have adverse effects on our business.

12


 

The widespread use of social media and networking sites by consumers has greatly increased the speed and accessibility of information dissemination. Negative publicity, posts or comments on social media or networking sites about us, whether accurate or inaccurate, or disclosure of non-public sensitive information about us, could be widely disseminated through the use of social media. Such events, if they were to occur, could harm our image and adversely affect our business, as well as require resources to rebuild our reputation.

Currency exchange rate fluctuations could adversely affect our results of operations.

Our business is exposed to fluctuations in exchange rates. Although our reporting currency is U.S. dollars, we operate in multiple countries and transact in a range of currencies in addition to U.S. dollars. In addition, we are exposed to exchange rate risk as a result of sales, purchases, assets and borrowings (including intercompany borrowings) that are denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of the respective entities. Where possible, we try to minimize the impact of exchange rate fluctuations by transacting in local currencies so as to create natural hedges. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in protecting against these risks. Under certain circumstances in which we are unable to naturally offset our exposure to these currency risks, we may enter into derivative transactions to reduce such exposures. Nevertheless, exchange rate fluctuations may either increase or decrease our net revenues and expenses as reported in U.S. dollars. Given the volatility of exchange rates, we may not be able to manage our currency transaction risks effectively, and volatility in currency exchange rates may materially adversely affect our financial condition or results of operations.

The global scope of our operations and our corporate and financing structure may expose us to potentially adverse tax consequences.

We are subject to taxation in, and subject to the tax laws and regulations of, multiple jurisdictions as a result of the global scope of our operations and our corporate and financing structure. We are also subject to intercompany pricing laws, including those relating to the flow of funds between our companies pursuant to, for example, purchase agreements, licensing agreements or other arrangements. Adverse developments in these laws or regulations, or any change in position regarding the application, administration or interpretation of these laws or regulations in any applicable jurisdiction, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, the tax authorities in any applicable jurisdiction, including the United States, may disagree with the positions we have taken or intend to take regarding the tax treatment or characterization of any of our transactions, including the tax treatment or characterization of our indebtedness. If any applicable tax authorities, including the U.S. tax authorities, were to successfully challenge the tax treatment or characterization of any of our transactions, it could result in the disallowance of deductions, the imposition of withholding taxes on internal deemed transfers or other consequences that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

If we are unable to develop new products or stay abreast of changing technology in our industry, our profits may decline.

We operate in mature markets that are subject to high levels of competition. Our future performance and growth depends on innovation and our ability to successfully develop or license capabilities to introduce new products and product innovations or enter into or expand into adjacent product categories, sales channels or countries. Our ability to quickly innovate in order to adapt our products to meet changing customer demands is essential, especially in light of eCommerce and direct-to-consumer channels significantly reducing the barriers for even small competitors to quickly introduce new products directly to customers. The development and introduction of new products require substantial and effective research and development and demand creation expenditures, which we may be unable to recoup if the new products do not gain widespread market acceptance.

In addition, effective and integrated systems are required for us to gather and use consumer data and information to successfully market our products. New product development and marketing efforts, including efforts to enter markets or product categories in which we have limited or no prior experience, have inherent risks, including product development or launch delays. These could result in us not being the first to market and the failure of new products to achieve anticipated levels of market acceptance. If product introductions or new or expanded adjacencies are not successful, costs associated with these efforts may not be fully recouped and our results of operations could be adversely affected. In addition, if sales generated by new products cause a decline in sales of our existing products, our financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected. Even if we are successful in increasing market share within particular product categories, a decline in the markets for such product categories could have a negative impact on our financial results. In addition, in the future, our growth strategy may include expanding our international operations, which could be subject to foreign market risks, including, among others, foreign currency fluctuations, economic or political instability and the imposition of tariffs and trade restrictions, which could adversely affect our financial results.

Our business is subject to frequent and sometimes significant changes in technology, and if we fail to anticipate or respond adequately to such changes, or do not have sufficient capital to invest in these developments, our profits may decline. Our future financial performance will depend in part upon our ability to develop new products and to implement and utilize technology successfully to improve our business operations. We cannot predict all the effects of future technological changes. The cost of implementing new technologies could be significant, and our ability to potentially finance these technological developments may be adversely affected by our debt servicing requirements or our inability to obtain the financing we require to develop or acquire competing technologies.

13


 

Our insurance may not adequately protect us against business and operating risks.

We maintain insurance for some, but not all, of the potential risks and liabilities associated with our business. For some risks, we may not obtain insurance if we believe the cost of available insurance is excessive in relation to the risks presented. As a result of market conditions, premiums and deductibles for certain insurance policies can increase substantially, and in some instances, certain insurance policies are economically unavailable or available only for reduced amounts of coverage. For example, we are not fully insured against all risks associated with pollution, contamination and other environmental incidents or impacts. Moreover, we may not be able to maintain adequate insurance in the future at rates we consider reasonable or to obtain or renew insurance against certain risks. We maintain a high deductible or self-insured retention on many of the risks that we do insure, and we would bear the cost or loss to the extent of the high deductible and self-insured retention. Any significant uninsured liability, or our high deductible or self-insured retention, may require us to pay substantial amounts which would adversely affect our cash position and results of operations.

We may pursue and execute acquisitions, which, if not successful, could adversely affect our business.

We may pursue acquisitions of product lines or businesses from third parties. Acquisitions involve numerous risks, including difficulties in the assimilation of the operations, technologies, services and products of the acquired product lines or businesses, estimation and assumption of liabilities and contingencies, personnel turnover and the diversion of management’s attention from other business operations. We may be unable to successfully integrate and manage certain product lines or businesses that we may acquire in the future, or be unable to achieve anticipated benefits or cost savings from acquisitions in the time frame we anticipate, or at all.

Employee slowdowns, strikes and similar actions could have a material adverse effect on our business and operations.

As of December 31, 2020, 31% of our employees were subject to collective bargaining agreements or are represented by work councils. The transportation and delivery of raw materials to our manufacturing facilities and of our products to our customers by workers that are members of labor unions is critical to our business. In many cases, before we take significant actions with respect to our production facilities, such as workforce reductions or closures, we must reach agreement with applicable labor unions and employee works councils. We may not be able to successfully negotiate any such agreements or new collective bargaining agreements on satisfactory terms in the future. The failure to maintain satisfactory relationships with our employees and their representatives, or prolonged labor disputes, slowdowns, strikes or similar actions, could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

Our hedging activities may result in significant losses and in period-to-period earnings volatility.

We regularly enter into hedging transactions to limit our exposure to raw material and energy price risks. Our commodity hedges are primarily related to resin, natural gas, ethylene, propylene, benzene, diesel and polyethylene. If our hedging strategies prove to be ineffective or if we fail to effectively monitor and manage our hedging activities, we could incur significant losses which could adversely affect our financial position and results of operations, and we could experience significant fluctuations in our earnings from period to period. Factors that could affect the impact and effectiveness of our hedging activities include the accuracy of our operational forecasts of raw material and energy needs and volatility of the commodities and raw materials pricing markets.

Goodwill, intangible assets and other long-lived assets are material components of our balance sheet and impairments of such balances, and future other impairment charges, could have a significant impact on our financial results.

We have recorded a significant amount of goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets in our consolidated financial statements resulting from our acquisitions. We test the carrying value of goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment at least annually and whenever events or circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. The estimates and assumptions about future results of operations and cash flows made in connection with the impairment testing could differ from future actual results of operations and cash flows. Any resulting impairment charge, although non-cash, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial position.

Our historical financial results also include other asset impairment charges. These charges have arisen from a variety of events including decisions to exit certain businesses and ceasing to use certain equipment prior to the end of its useful life. Future asset impairment charges could arise as a result of changes in our business strategy or changes in the intention to use certain assets. Any resulting impairment charge, although non-cash, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial position.

 

 

 

 

 

14


 

 

Legal, Regulatory and Compliance Risks

We are subject to governmental regulation and we may incur material liabilities under, or costs in order to comply with, existing or future laws and regulations.

Many of our products come into contact with food and beverages, and the manufacture, packaging, labeling, storage, distribution, advertising and sale of such products are subject to various laws designed to protect human health and the environment. For example, in the United States, many of our products are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (including applicable current good manufacturing practice regulations), and our product claims and advertising are regulated by the Federal Trade Commission. Most states have agencies that regulate in parallel to these federal agencies. Liabilities under, and/or costs of compliance, and the impact on us of any non-compliance with any such laws and regulations could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, changes in the laws and regulations which we are subject to could impose significant limitations and require changes to our business, which in turn may increase our compliance expenses, make our business more costly and less efficient to conduct and compromise our growth strategy.

We are subject to increasingly stringent environmental, health and safety laws, regulations and permits, and we could incur significant costs in complying with, or liabilities and obligations related to, such laws, regulations and permits.

We are subject to various federal, state/provincial, local and international environmental, health and safety laws, regulations and permits, which have tended to become more stringent over time. Among other things, these laws and regulations govern the emission or discharge of materials into the environment (including air, water or ground), the use, storage, treatment, disposal, management and releases of, and exposure to, hazardous substances and wastes, the health and safety of our employees and the end-users of our products, protection of wildlife and endangered species, wood harvesting and the materials used in and the recycling of our products. Violations of these laws and regulations or of any conditions contained in any environmental permit can result in substantial fines or penalties, injunctive relief, requirements to install pollution or other controls or equipment, civil and criminal sanctions, permit revocations and/or facility shutdowns. Moreover, we may be directly impacted by the risks and costs to us, our customers and our vendors of the effects of climate change, greenhouse gases, and the availability of energy and water resources. These risks include the potentially adverse impact on forestlands, which are a key resource in the production of some of our products, increased product costs and a change in the types of products that customers purchase. We also face risks arising from the increased public focus, including by consumers, investors and governmental and non-governmental organizations, on these and other environmental sustainability matters, such as packaging and waste, deforestation, and land use, including enacted or proposed legislation imposing fees on manufacturers and other suppliers of single-use food packaging and foodservice products to encourage and fund recycling of such products.

We are and have been involved in the remediation of current, former and third party sites, and could be held jointly and severally liable for the costs of investigating and remediating, and damages resulting from, present and past releases of hazardous substances and wastes at any site we have ever owned, leased, operated or used as a treatment or disposal site, including releases by prior owners or operators of sites we currently own or operate. We could also be subject to third-party claims for property or natural resource damage, personal injury or nuisance or otherwise as a result of violations of or liabilities under environmental laws, regulations and permits or in connection with releases of hazardous or other substances or wastes. In addition, changes in, or new interpretations of, existing laws, regulations, permits or enforcement policies, the discovery of previously unknown contamination, or the imposition of other environmental, health and safety liabilities or obligations in the future, including additional investigation or other obligations with respect to any potential health hazards of our products or business activities or the imposition of new permit requirements, may lead to additional compliance or other costs that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Moreover, as environmental issues, such as climate change, have become more prevalent, federal, state and local governments, as well as foreign governments, have responded, and are expected to continue to respond, with increased legislation and regulation, which could negatively affect us. For example, the United States Environmental Protection Agency is regulating certain greenhouse gas emissions under existing laws such as the Clean Air Act, and various countries have adopted the Paris Agreement, which aims to keep global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius using various national pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These and other international, foreign, federal, regional and state climate change initiatives may cause us to incur additional direct costs in complying with new environmental legislation or regulations, such as costs to upgrade or replace equipment, as well as increased indirect costs resulting from our suppliers, customers or both incurring additional compliance costs that could get passed through to us or impact product demand.

15


 

Government regulations and judicial decisions affecting products we produce or the products contained in the products we produce could significantly reduce demand for our products.

A number of governmental authorities, both in the United States and abroad, have considered, and are expected to consider, legislation aimed at reducing the amount of materials incapable of being recycled or composted. Programs have included, for example, banning or restricting certain types of products, mandating certain rates of recycling and/or the use of recycled materials, imposing deposits or taxes on single-use items (often plastic) and requiring retailers or manufacturers to take back packaging used for their products. Such legislation, as well as voluntary initiatives similarly aimed at reducing the level of single-use packaging waste, could reduce demand for our products. Some consumer products companies, including some of our customers, have responded to these governmental initiatives and to perceived environmental or sustainability concerns of consumers, investors and government and non-governmental organizations by using only recyclable or compostable containers.

In addition, changes to health and food safety regulations could increase costs and may also have a material adverse effect on our net revenues if, as a result, the public’s attitude towards our products or the end-products for which we provide packaging is substantially affected.

We are subject to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 and other similar anti-corruption, anti-bribery and anti-kickback laws and regulations, and any noncompliance with those laws or regulations by us or others acting on our behalf could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We are subject to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (the “FCPA”) and other similar anti-corruption, anti-bribery and anti-kickback laws and regulations, and any noncompliance with those laws or regulations by us or others acting on our behalf could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The FCPA and other similar anti-corruption and anti-bribery laws and regulations in other jurisdictions generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from offering or providing improper things of value to foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business or securing regulatory benefits. Under these laws, we may become liable for the actions of employees, officers, directors, agents, representatives, consultants, or other intermediaries, or our strategic or local partners, including those over whom we may have little actual control. We are continuously engaged in transacting business, including in new locations, around the world. Because we will maintain and intend to grow our international sales and operations, we have contacts with foreign public officials, and therefore potential exposure to liability under laws such as the FCPA.

If we are found liable for violations of the FCPA or other similar anti-corruption, anti-bribery or anti-kickback laws or regulations, either due to our own acts or out of inadvertence, or due to the acts or inadvertence of others, we could suffer criminal or civil fines or penalties or other repercussions, including reputational harm, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

In August 2020, we identified practices in our Evergreen Packaging Shanghai business, which is part of our Beverage Merchandising segment, which involve acts potentially in violation of the FCPA. In September 2020 we made a voluntary self-disclosure to the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) and Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) about these items and our investigation being conducted by external counsel, accountants and other advisors. While our reporting to the DOJ and SEC is ongoing, we believe our investigation is substantially complete. We have identified the occasional giving of gift cards representing relatively minor monetary values to government regulators and employees of state-owned enterprise customers in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”), over the course of several years. The amounts involved are immaterial, individually and in the aggregate, and these appear to have been provided at the times of PRC holidays for generalized goodwill purposes only. We have initiated procedures to remediate such practices, including discontinuing the giving of gift cards. We also identified certain other gift, travel and entertainment practices that do not comply with company policy and expectations. These findings provide opportunity for targeted, enhanced controls and additional training in these areas.  We intend to fully cooperate with the DOJ and SEC, with the assistance of legal counsel, to conclude this matter. We are unable at this time to predict when the government agencies’ review of these matters will be completed or what regulatory or other consequences may result.

16


 

Breaches of our information systems security measures could disrupt our internal operations.

We depend on information technology for processing and distributing information in our business, including to and from our customers and suppliers. This information technology is subject to theft, damage or interruption from a variety of sources, including malicious computer viruses, security breaches, defects in design, natural disasters, terrorist attacks, power and/or telecommunication failures, employee malfeasance or human or technical errors. Additionally, we can be at risk if a customer’s or supplier’s information technology system is attacked or compromised. Cybersecurity incidents have increased in number and severity, and it is expected that these trends will continue. We have taken measures to protect our data and to protect our computer systems from attack but these measures may not prevent unauthorized access to our systems or theft of our data. If we or third parties with whom we do business were to fall victim to cyber-attacks or experience other cybersecurity incidents, such incidents could result in unauthorized access to, disclosure or loss of or damage to company, customer or other third party data; theft of confidential data including personal information and intellectual property; loss of access to critical data or systems; and other business delays or disruptions. If these events were to occur, we may incur substantial costs or suffer other consequences that negatively impact our operations and financial results.

We are subject to stringent privacy laws, information security policies and contractual obligations governing the use, processing, and cross-border transfer of personal information.

We receive, generate and store significant and increasing volumes of sensitive information, such as personally identifiable information. We face a number of risks relative to protecting this critical information, including loss of access risk, inappropriate use or disclosure, inappropriate modification, and the risk of our being unable to adequately monitor, audit and modify our controls over our critical information. This risk extends to the third-party vendors and subcontractors we use to manage this sensitive data.

We are subject to a variety of local, state, national and international laws, directives and regulations that apply to the collection, use, retention, protection, disclosure, transfer and other processing of personal data in the different jurisdictions in which we operate. For example, California enacted the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”) which creates individual privacy rights for California consumers and increases the privacy and security obligations of entities handling certain personal data. The CCPA went into effect on January 1, 2020, and the California Attorney General may bring enforcement actions for violations beginning July 1, 2020. The CCPA has been amended from time to time, and it remains unclear what, if any, further modifications will be made to this legislation or how it will be interpreted. In addition to fines and penalties imposed upon violators, some state laws, including the CCPA, also afford private rights of action to individuals who believe their personal information has been misused. The interplay of federal and state laws may be subject to varying interpretations by courts and government agencies, creating complex compliance issues for us and data we receive, use and share, potentially exposing us to additional expense, adverse publicity and liability. Legal requirements relating to the collection, storage, handling, and transfer of personal information and personal data continue to evolve and may result in ever-increasing public scrutiny and escalating levels of enforcement, sanctions and increased costs of compliance.

Compliance with applicable data protection laws and regulations could also require us to change our business practices and compliance procedures in a manner adverse to our business. Penalties for violations of these laws vary, but can be substantial. Moreover, complying with these various laws could require us to take on more onerous obligations in our contracts, restrict our ability to collect, use and disclose data, or in some cases, impact our ability to operate in certain jurisdictions. In addition, we rely on third party vendors to collect, process and store data on our behalf and we cannot guarantee that such vendors are in compliance with all applicable data protection laws and regulations. Our or our vendors’ failure to comply with applicable data protection laws and regulations could result in government enforcement actions (which could include civil or criminal penalties), private litigation and/or adverse publicity and could negatively affect our operating results and business. Claims that we have violated individuals’ privacy rights, failed to comply with data protection laws, or breached our contractual obligations or privacy policies, even if we are not found liable, could be expensive and time consuming to defend, could result in adverse publicity and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We may not be successful in obtaining, maintaining and enforcing our intellectual property rights, including our unpatented proprietary knowledge and trade secrets, or in avoiding claims that we infringed on the intellectual property rights of others.

In addition to relying on the patent, copyright and trademark rights granted under the laws of the United States and other jurisdictions, we rely on unpatented proprietary knowledge and trade secrets and employ various methods, including confidentiality agreements with employees and third parties, to protect our knowledge and trade secrets. However, these precautions and our patents, copyrights and trademarks may not afford complete protection against infringement, misappropriation or other violation of our rights by third parties, and there can be no assurance that others will not independently develop the knowledge protected by our trade secrets or develop products that compete with ours despite not infringing, misusing or otherwise violating our intellectual property rights. Patent, copyright and trademark rights are territorial; thus, the protection they provide will only extend to those countries in which we have been issued patents and have registered trademarks or copyrights. Even so, the laws of certain countries do not protect our intellectual property rights to the same extent as do the laws of the United States.

17


 

We believe that we have sufficient intellectual property rights to allow us to conduct our business without incurring liability to third parties. However, we or our products may nonetheless infringe on the intellectual property rights of third parties, or we may determine in the future that we require a license or other rights to intellectual property rights held by third parties. Such a license or other rights may not be available to us on commercially reasonable terms or at all, in which case we may be prevented from using, providing or manufacturing certain products, services or brands as we see fit. In addition, we may be subject to claims asserting infringement, misappropriation or other violation of third parties’ intellectual property rights seeking damages, the payment of royalties or licensing fees and/or injunctions against the sale of our products or other aspects of our business. If we are found to have infringed, misused or otherwise violated the intellectual property rights of others, we could be forced to pay damages, cease use of such intellectual property rights or, if we are given the opportunity to continue to use the intellectual property rights of others, we could be required to pay a substantial amount for continued use of those rights. Even if we are not found to infringe, misappropriate, or otherwise violate a third party’s intellectual property rights, we could incur material expense to defend against such claims and we could incur significant costs associated with discontinuing to use, provide or manufacture certain products, services or brands, and such defense could be protracted and costly regardless of its outcome. Any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

Furthermore, we cannot be certain that the intellectual property rights we do obtain and rely on will not be challenged or invalidated in the future. In the event of such a challenge, we could incur significant costs to defend our rights, even if we are ultimately successful. We also may not be able to prevent current and former employees, contractors and other parties from breaching confidentiality agreements and misappropriating trade secrets or other proprietary information. It is possible that third parties may copy or otherwise obtain and use our information and proprietary technology without authorization or otherwise infringe on our intellectual property rights. Infringement of our intellectual property rights may adversely affect our results of operations and make it more difficult for us to establish a strong market position in countries which may not afford adequate protection of intellectual property rights. Furthermore, others may develop technologies that are similar or superior to our technologies, duplicate our technologies or design around our patents, and steps taken by us to protect our technologies may not prevent infringement or misappropriation of such technologies. Additionally, we have licensed, and may license in the future, patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets and other intellectual property rights to third parties. While we attempt to ensure that our intellectual property rights are protected when entering into business relationships, third parties may take actions that could materially and adversely affect our rights or the value of our intellectual property rights or reputation. If necessary, we also rely on litigation to enforce our intellectual property rights and contractual rights, and, if not successful, we may not be able to protect the value of our intellectual property rights. Any litigation could be protracted and costly and could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations regardless of its outcome.

We may be involved in a number of legal proceedings that could result in substantial liabilities for us.

We are involved in several legal proceedings. It is difficult to predict with certainty the cost of defense or the outcome of these proceedings and their impact on our business, including remedies or damage awards. The outcomes of these legal proceedings and other contingencies could require us to take or refrain from taking certain actions, which actions or inactions could adversely affect our operations or could require us to pay substantial amounts of money or restrict our operations. If liabilities or fines resulting from these proceedings are substantial or exceed our expectations, our business, financial condition or results of operations may be adversely affected.

Risks Related to Liquidity and Indebtedness

We have significant debt, which could adversely affect our financial condition and ability to operate our business.

We had $4,004 million of outstanding indebtedness at the end of fiscal year 2020. We repaid $59 million in outstanding indebtedness in mid-February 2021. Our debt level and related debt service obligations:

 

require us to dedicate significant cash flow to the payment of principal of, and interest on, our debt, which will reduce the funds we have available for other purposes, including working capital, capital expenditures and general corporate purposes;

 

may limit our flexibility in planning for or reacting to changes in our business and market conditions or in funding our strategic growth plan;

 

impose on us financial and operational restrictions; and

 

expose us to interest rate risk on our debt obligations bearing interest at variable rates.

These restrictions could adversely affect our financial condition and limit our ability to successfully implement our growth strategy.

In addition, we may need additional financing to support our business and pursue our growth strategy, including for strategic acquisitions. Our ability to obtain additional financing, if and when required, will depend on investor demand, our operating performance, the condition of the capital markets and other factors. We cannot assure you that additional financing will be available to us on favorable terms when required, or at all. If we raise additional funds through the issuance of equity, equity-linked or debt securities, those securities may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of our common stock, and, in the case of equity and equity-linked securities, our existing stockholders may experience dilution.

18


 

Borrowings under our Credit Agreement are at variable rates of interest and we may incur additional variable interest rate indebtedness in the future. This exposes us to interest rate risk, and any interest rate swaps we enter into in order to reduce interest rate volatility may not fully mitigate our interest rate risk. If interest rates were to increase, our debt service obligations on the variable rate indebtedness would increase even if the amount borrowed remained the same, and our net income and cash flows, including cash available for servicing our indebtedness, will correspondingly decrease.

Certain of our long-term indebtedness bears interest at variable interest rates, primarily based on LIBOR, which may be subject to regulatory guidance and/or reform that could cause interest rates under our current or future debt agreements to fluctuate or cause other unanticipated consequences.

The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to stop encouraging or requiring banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after 2021. It is unclear whether LIBOR will cease to exist or if new methods of calculating LIBOR will be established such that it continues to exist after 2021. Similarly, it is not possible to predict whether LIBOR will continue to be viewed as an acceptable market benchmark, what rate or rates may become acceptable alternatives to LIBOR, or what effect these changes in views or alternatives may have on financial markets for LIBOR-linked financial instruments. If LIBOR ceases to exist or if the methods of calculating LIBOR change from their current form, interest rates on our current or future indebtedness may be adversely affected or we may need to renegotiate the terms of our debt agreements that utilize LIBOR as a factor in determining the applicable interest rate to replace LIBOR with the new standard that is established, if any, or to otherwise agree with the trustees or agents under such facilities or instruments on a new means of calculating interest.

We face risks associated with certain pension obligations.

We have pension plans that cover many of our employees, former employees and employees of formerly affiliated businesses. Certain of these pension plans are defined benefit pension plans pursuant to which the participants receive defined payment amounts regardless of the value or investment performance of the assets held by such plans. Deterioration in the value of plan assets, including equity and debt securities, resulting from a general financial downturn or otherwise, or a change in the interest rate used to discount the projected benefit obligations, could cause an increase in the underfunded status of our defined benefit pension plans, thereby increasing our obligation to make contributions to the plans, which in turn would reduce the cash available for our business.

Our largest pension plan is the Pactiv Evergreen Pension Plan (“PEPP”), of which Pactiv became the sponsor when Pactiv Corporation (now Pactiv LLC, our subsidiary) was spun-off from Tenneco Inc. in 1999. This plan covers certain of our employees as well as employees (or their beneficiaries) of certain companies previously owned by Tenneco Inc. but not owned by us. As a result, while persons who have never been our employees do not currently accrue benefits under the plan, the total number of individuals/beneficiaries covered by this plan is much larger than if only our personnel were participants. For this reason, the impact of the pension plan on our net income and cash from operations is greater than the impact typically found at similarly sized companies. Changes in the following factors can have a disproportionate effect on our results of operations compared with similarly sized companies: (i) interest rate used to discount projected benefit obligations, (ii) governmental regulations related to funding of retirement plans, (iii) financial market performance, and (iv) revisions to mortality tables as a result of changes in life expectancy.

As of December 31, 2020, the PEPP was underfunded by approximately $439 million. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the plan liability has increased by $348 million primarily as a result of a decrease in the discount rate and the fair value of PEPP assets increased by $539 million. We made a $121 million contribution to the PEPP in 2020. Future contributions to our pension plans (including the PEPP) will be dependent on future plan asset returns and interest rates and are highly sensitive to changes. Such future contributions will reduce the cash otherwise available to operate our business and could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

We have a history of net losses from continuing operations and may not achieve or maintain profitability in the future.

We have a history of significant net losses from continuing operations, including a net loss of $10 million and $240 million for years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. We may not be able to achieve or maintain profitability for any future fiscal year. We may incur significant losses in the future for a number of reasons, including due to the other risks described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and we may encounter unforeseen expenses, difficulties, complications and delays and other unknown events. In addition, as a public company, we will incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses that we did not incur as a private company. As a result, our operations may not achieve profitability in the future and, even if we do achieve profitability, we may not be able to maintain or increase it.

19


 

Risks Relating to Being a Newly Stand-alone Public Company

Anti-takeover provisions in our charter documents and under Delaware law could make an acquisition of our company more difficult, limit attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management and limit the market price of our common stock.

Provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control or changes in our management as they include provisions that:

 

require at least 662/3% of the votes that all of our stockholders would be entitled to cast in an annual election of directors in order to amend our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws from and after the date on which PFL and all other entities beneficially owned by Mr. Graeme Richard Hart or his estate, heirs, executor, administrator or other personal representative, or any of his immediate family members or any trust, fund or other entity which is controlled by his estate, heirs, any of his immediate family members or any of their respective affiliates (PFL and all of the foregoing, collectively, the “Hart Entities”) and any other transferee of all of the outstanding shares of common stock held at any time by the Hart Entities which are transferred other than pursuant to a widely distributed public sale (“Permitted Assigns”) beneficially own less than 50% of the outstanding shares of our common stock;

 

provide for a staggered board from and after the date on which the Hart Entities or Permitted Assigns beneficially own less than 50% of the outstanding shares of our common stock;

 

eliminate the ability of our stockholders to call special meetings of stockholders from and after the date on which the Hart Entities or Permitted Assigns beneficially own less than 50% of the outstanding shares of our common stock;

 

prohibit stockholder action by written consent, instead requiring stockholder actions to be taken solely at a duly convened meeting of our stockholders, from and after the date on which the Hart Entities or Permitted Assigns beneficially own less than 50% of the outstanding shares of our common stock;

 

permit our board of directors, without further action by our stockholders, to fix the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions of preferred stock, the rights of which may be greater than the rights of our common stock;

 

restrict the forum for certain litigation against us to Delaware; and

 

establish advance notice requirements for nominations for election to our board of directors or for proposing matters that can be acted upon by stockholders at annual stockholder meetings.

These provisions may frustrate or prevent any attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management by making it more difficult for stockholders to replace members of our board of directors, which is responsible for appointing the members of our management. As a result, these provisions may adversely affect the market price and market for our common stock if they are viewed as limiting the liquidity of our stock. These provisions may also make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us in the future, and, as a result, our stockholders may be limited in their ability to obtain a premium for their shares of common stock.

Furthermore, in connection with our IPO completed in September 2020, we entered into a stockholders agreement with the Hart Stockholders. The stockholders agreement provides the Hart Stockholders with the right to nominate a certain number of directors to our board of directors so long as the Hart Entities beneficially own at least 10% of the outstanding shares of our common stock.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the exclusive forum for substantially all disputes between us and our stockholders, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers or employees.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware is the exclusive forum for any derivative action or proceeding brought on our behalf; any action asserting a breach of fiduciary duty; any action asserting a claim against us arising pursuant to the Delaware General Corporation Law, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation or our bylaws; or any action asserting a claim against us that is governed by the internal affairs doctrine. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the exclusive forum provision will not apply to any claim to enforce any liability or duty created by the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) or the Securities Act and for which the federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction. In addition, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the federal district courts of the United States of America shall be the exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action arising under the Securities Act or the federal forum provision.

20


 

The choice of forum provision and federal forum provision may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with us or our directors, officers or other employees, which may discourage such lawsuits against us and our directors, officers and other employees. Alternatively, if a court were to find the choice of forum provision contained in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, while the Delaware Supreme Court ruled in March 2020 that federal forum selection provisions purporting to require claims under the Securities Act be brought in federal court were “facially valid” under Delaware law, there is uncertainty as to whether other courts will enforce our federal forum provision. If the federal forum provision is found to be unenforceable, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such matters. The federal forum provision may also impose additional litigation costs on stockholders who assert the provision is not enforceable or invalid.

We do not have a history of complying with the requirements of being a public company and the requirements of being a public company may strain our resources and divert management’s attention.

As a public company, we are subject to various requirements, including the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“Sarbanes-Oxley Act”) and the rules of Nasdaq, that did not apply to us prior to becoming a public company. The requirements of these rules and regulations will increase our legal and financial compliance costs, make some activities more difficult, time-consuming or costly and increase demand on our systems and resources. For example, we are obligated to file with the SEC annual and quarterly information and other reports and therefore need to have the ability to prepare financial statements that are compliant with all SEC reporting requirements on a timely basis. In addition, we are subject to other reporting and corporate governance requirements, including certain requirements of Nasdaq and certain provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder, which impose significant compliance obligations upon us. Because we have not operated as a company with equity listed on a national securities exchange in the past, we might not be successful in implementing these requirements. The increased costs of compliance with public company reporting requirements and our potential failure to satisfy these requirements could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Failure to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act could have a material adverse effect on our business and reputation.

As a newly public company, we are required to comply with the SEC’s rules implementing Sections 302 and 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which requires management to certify financial and other information in our quarterly and annual reports and provide an annual management report on the effectiveness of controls over financial reporting. When evaluating our internal controls over financial reporting, we may identify material weaknesses that we may not be able to remediate in time to meet the applicable deadline imposed upon us for compliance with the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Testing and maintaining our internal control over financial reporting may also divert management’s attention from other matters that are important to the operation of our business. In addition, if we fail to achieve and maintain the adequacy of our internal controls, as such standards are modified, supplemented or amended from time to time, we may not be able to ensure that we can conclude on an ongoing basis that we have effective internal controls over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. If we fail to implement the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act in a timely manner or with adequate compliance, our independent registered public accounting firm may issue an adverse opinion due to ineffective internal controls over financial reporting, and we may be subject to sanctions or investigation by regulatory authorities, such as the SEC. Moreover, any material weakness or other deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting may impede our ability to file timely and accurate reports with the SEC. Any of the above could cause a negative reaction in the financial markets due to a loss of confidence in the reliability of our financial statements. In addition, we may be required to incur costs to improve our internal control system and the hiring of additional personnel. Any such action could negatively affect our results of operations and cash flows.

We intend to pay regular dividends on our common stock, but our ability to do so may be limited.

We intend to pay cash dividends on our common stock on a quarterly basis, subject to the discretion of our board of directors and our compliance with applicable law, and depending on our results of operations, capital requirements, financial condition, business prospects, contractual restrictions, restrictions imposed by applicable laws and other factors that our board of directors deems relevant.

Our ability to pay dividends may also be restricted by the terms of our existing debt agreements, or any future debt or preferred equity securities. Our dividend policy entails certain risks and limitations, particularly with respect to our liquidity. By paying cash dividends rather than investing that cash in our business or repaying any outstanding debt, we risk, among other things, slowing the expansion of our business, having insufficient cash to fund our operations or make capital expenditures or limiting our ability to incur borrowings. Our board of directors will periodically review the cash generated from our business and the capital expenditures required to finance our growth plans and determine whether to modify the amount of regular dividends and/or declare any periodic special dividends. There can be no assurance that our board of directors will not reduce the amount of regular cash dividends or cause us to cease paying dividends altogether.

21


 

Risks Related to Stockholder Influence, Related Party Transactions and Governance

The Hart Stockholders control the direction of our business and the Hart Stockholders’ concentrated ownership of our common stock will prevent you and other stockholders from influencing significant decisions.

The Hart Stockholders own, and control the voting power of, approximately 78% of our outstanding shares of common stock. As long as the Hart Stockholders continue to control a majority of the voting power of our outstanding common stock, they will generally be able to determine the outcome of all corporate actions requiring stockholder approval, including the election and removal of directors.

The Hart Stockholders and their affiliates engage in a broad spectrum of activities. In the ordinary course of their business activities, the Hart Stockholders and their affiliates may engage in activities where their interests may not be the same as, or may conflict with, the interests of our other stockholders. Other stockholders will not be able to affect the outcome of any stockholder vote while the Hart Stockholders control the majority of the voting power of our outstanding common stock. As a result, the Hart Stockholders will be able to control, directly or indirectly and subject to applicable law, the composition of our board of directors, which in turn will be able to control all matters affecting us, including, among others:

 

any determination with respect to our business direction and policies, including the appointment and removal of officers and directors;

 

the adoption of amendments to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation;

 

any determinations with respect to mergers, business combinations or disposition of assets;

 

compensation and benefit programs and other human resources policy decisions;

 

the payment of dividends on our common stock; and

 

determinations with respect to tax matters.

In addition, the concentration of the Hart Stockholders’ ownership could also discourage others from making tender offers, which could prevent stockholders from receiving a premium for their common stock.

Because the Hart Stockholders’ interests may differ from ours or from those of our other stockholders, actions that the Hart Stockholders take with respect to us, as our controlling stockholders, may not be favorable to us or our other stockholders, including holders of our common stock.

We have entered, and may continue to enter, into certain related party transactions. There can be no assurance that we could not have achieved more favorable terms if such transactions had not been entered into with related parties, or that we will be able to maintain existing terms in the future.

We have entered into various transactions with related parties including, among others:

 

five-year supply agreements under which we sell certain products (primarily tableware) to RCPI, and purchase certain products (primarily aluminum foil containers and roll foil) from RCPI;

 

a warehousing and freight services agreement pursuant to which we provide certain logistics services to RCPI;

 

a lease of part of our corporate headquarters in Lake Forest, Illinois and another lease for part of our facility in Canandaigua, New York to RCPI;

 

a tax matters agreement with each of RCPI and GPC;

 

a transition services agreement pursuant to which we will continue to provide certain administrative services to RCPI, including information technology service; accounting, treasury, financial reporting and transaction support; human resources; procurement; tax, legal and compliance related services; and other corporate services, and we will receive certain services from RCPI, including human resources; compliance; and procurement, in each case for up to 24 months from February 2020;

 

a transition services agreement with GPC pursuant to which we will, upon GPC’s request, provide certain administrative services to GPC for up to 24 months from August 4, 2020;

 

an IT license usage agreement with Rank and GPC, pursuant to which we will continue to receive usage rights under certain IT-related license and contractual arrangements which are held by certain of our affiliates and provide usage rights to certain of our affiliates under certain IT-related license and contractual arrangements held by us;

 

an agreement with our affiliate, Rank Treasury Limited (“RTL”), formerly Beverage Packaging Holdings I, to indemnify RTL for certain losses that RTL may suffer in connection with a guarantee of a property lease that RTL provided to a third party landlord in connection with the divestment of a business by the Company; and

22


 

 

a transition services agreement with Rank pursuant to which Rank will, upon our request, provide certain administrative and support services to us for up to 24 months, and we will, upon Rank’s request, provide certain administrative and support services to them for up to 24 months.

While we believe that all such transactions have been negotiated on an arm’s length basis and contain commercially reasonable terms, we may have been able to achieve more favorable terms had such transactions been entered into with unrelated parties. In addition, while goods and services are being provided to us by related parties, our operational flexibility to modify or implement changes with respect to such goods or services or the amounts we pay or receive for them may be limited.

Potential conflicts of interest or disputes may arise between us and one or more related parties in connection with these related party agreements, or relating to our past or future relationships in several areas including tax, employee benefits, intellectual property rights, indemnification and other matters. Furthermore, conflicts of interest may arise in connection with business opportunities that may be attractive to us and one or more related parties. In the event of a dispute under any of these related party agreements, the interests of one or more related parties may not align with ours and the resolution of any such disputes may be adverse to us, or less favorable to us than we might achieve if we were not dealing with a related party, and our ability to enforce our contractual rights may be limited.

There can be no assurance that such present or any future transactions, and any potential disputes that may arise in connection with them, individually or in the aggregate, will not have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations, or that we could not have achieved more favorable terms if such transactions had not been entered into with related parties.

It is also likely that we may enter into related party transactions in the future. Although material related party transactions that we may enter into will be subject to approval or ratification of a designated committee of our board of directors (which will initially be the audit committee) or other committee designated by our board of directors made up solely of independent directors, there can be no assurance that such transactions, individually or in the aggregate, will not have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations, or that we could not have achieved more favorable terms if such transactions had not been entered into with related parties.

The related party transactions we have entered into are of varying durations and may be amended upon agreement of the parties. The Hart Stockholders will have the ability to determine the outcome of matters requiring stockholder approval, cause or prevent a change of control, and change the composition of our board of directors. For so long as we are controlled by the Hart Stockholders, we may be unable to negotiate renewals or amendments to these agreements, if required, on terms as favorable to us as those we would be able to negotiate with an unaffiliated third party.

Our ability to operate our business effectively may suffer if we do not establish independent financial, administrative, and other support functions, and we cannot assure you that the transitional services Rank has agreed to provide us will be sufficient for our needs.

Historically, we have relied on financial, administrative and other resources of Rank to assist in operating our business. In conjunction with our anticipated separation from Rank, we intend to establish our own financial, administrative and other support functions or contract with third parties to replace the assistance Rank has provided us. In connection with our IPO, we entered into an agreement with Rank under which, upon our request, Rank will provide certain administrative and support services to us, such as financial, insurance, IT, tax, human resources, M&A transaction support and legal and corporate secretarial services for up to 24 months, and we will, upon request, provide certain support services to Rank for up to 24 months. These services and data access controls may not be sufficient to meet our needs. After our agreement with Rank expires, we may not be able to obtain these services at prices or on terms that are as favorable. Any failure or significant downtime in our own financial, administrative or other support functions or in Rank’s financial, administrative or other support functions during the transitional period could negatively impact our results of operations.

If the Hart Stockholders sell a controlling interest in our company to a third party in a private transaction, you may not realize any change-of-control premium on shares of our common stock and we may become subject to the control of a presently unknown third party.

The Hart Stockholders own, and control the voting power of, approximately 78% of our outstanding shares of common stock. The Hart Stockholders will have the ability, should they choose to do so, to sell some or all of their shares of our common stock in a privately negotiated transaction, which, if sufficient in size, could result in a change of control of our company.

The ability of the Hart Stockholders to privately sell their shares of our common stock, with no requirement for a concurrent offer to be made to acquire all of the shares of our common stock that will be publicly traded hereafter, could prevent you from realizing any change-of-control premium on your shares of our common stock that may otherwise accrue to the Hart Stockholders on their private sale of our common stock. Additionally, if the Hart Stockholders privately sell their significant equity interests in our company, we may become subject to the control of a presently unknown third party. Such third party may have conflicts of interest with those of other stockholders. In addition, if the Hart Stockholders sell a controlling interest in our company to a third party, our liquidity could be impaired, our outstanding indebtedness may be subject to acceleration and our commercial agreements and relationships could be impacted, all of which may adversely affect our ability to run our business as described herein and may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

23


 

We are a “controlled company” within the meaning of the rules of Nasdaq and, as a result, we qualify for, and intend to rely on, exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements. You will not have the same protections afforded to stockholders of companies that are subject to such requirements.

The Hart Stockholders control a majority of the voting power of our outstanding common stock. As a result, we are presently a “controlled company” within the meaning of the corporate governance standards of Nasdaq. Under these rules, a listed company of which more than 50% of the voting power is held by an individual, group or another company is a “controlled company” and may elect not to comply with certain corporate governance requirements, including:

 

the requirement that a majority of the board of directors consist of independent directors;

 

the requirement that our compensation committee and our nominating and corporate governance committee be composed entirely of independent directors; and

 

the requirement for an annual performance evaluation of our compensation committee and our nominating and corporate governance committee.

While the Hart Stockholders control a majority of the voting power of our outstanding common stock, we continue to rely on certain of these exemptions and, as a result, we do not presently have an audit committee, compensation committee or a nominating and corporate governance committee consisting entirely of independent directors. Three of our seven directors do not qualify as “independent directors” under the applicable rules of Nasdaq. Accordingly, you will not have the same protections afforded to stockholders of companies that are subject to all of the corporate governance requirements of Nasdaq.

We may be liable for significant taxes if the distributions of RCPI or of GPC to PFL are determined to be taxable transactions.

In February 2020, prior to the initial public offering of shares of common stock of RCPI, we effected certain distributions to transfer the interests of RCPI to PFL in a manner that was intended to qualify as tax-free to PFL, us, and Pactiv Evergreen Group Holdings Inc. (“PEGHI”) under Sections 368(a) (1) (D) and 355 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). In addition, prior to the closing of our IPO in September 2020, we also effected certain distributions to transfer the interests of GPC to PFL in a manner that was intended to qualify as tax-free to PFL, us, and PEGHI under Section 355 of the Code.

We have received tax opinions as to the tax treatment of the RCPI and GPC distributions. These tax opinions rely on certain facts, assumptions, representations and undertakings from Mr. Hart, RCPI or GPC, as applicable, and us regarding the past and future conduct of PTVE’s, and RCPI’s or GPC’s, as applicable, respective businesses and other matters. If any of these facts, assumptions, representations or undertakings is incorrect or not satisfied, we may not be able to rely on the tax opinions and could be subject to significant tax liabilities with respect to the RCPI or GPC distributions. Notwithstanding the tax opinions, the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) could determine on audit that the RCPI or GPC distributions are taxable if it determines that any of the facts, assumptions, representations or undertakings are not correct or have been violated or if it disagrees with the conclusions in the opinions, or for other reasons, including as a result of certain significant changes in the stock ownership of PTVE, RCPI or GPC, as applicable, or PEGHI. If the RCPI or GPC distributions are determined to be taxable for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we could be liable for significant U.S. federal income tax liabilities.

We entered into a Tax Matters Agreement with RCPI in connection with the RCPI distribution (the “RCPI Tax Matters Agreement”). In addition, we entered into a Tax Matters Agreement with GPC in connection with the GPC distribution (the “GPC Tax Matters Agreement” and, together with the RCPI Tax Matters Agreement, the “Tax Matters Agreements”). Under the Tax Matters Agreements, RCPI or GPC, as applicable, will generally be required to indemnify us against taxes incurred with respect to the RCPI distribution or the GPC distribution, respectively, that arise as a result of, among other things, (i) a breach of any representation made under the Tax Matters Agreements, including those provided in connection with an opinion of tax counsel, or (ii) RCPI or GPC, as applicable, taking or failing to take, as the case may be, certain actions, in each case that result in the distributions failing to meet the requirements for tax-free treatment under the Code. In the event that RCPI or GPC fails to indemnify us in accordance with the Tax Matters Agreements, we would bear such tax liability.

In order to preserve the tax-free treatment of the RCPI and the GPC distributions, our ability to engage in certain corporate transactions for a two-year period after the distributions is limited.

To preserve the tax-free treatment for U.S. federal income tax purposes of the RCPI and the GPC distributions, we are limited in our ability to enter into acquisition, merger, liquidation, sale and stock redemption transactions with respect to our stock for the two-year period following each of these distributions. While we are under no contractual obligations, effecting certain such transactions could violate the representations and undertakings we made in connection with the opinions of tax counsel and could result in significant tax liabilities to us. These limitations may restrict our ability to pursue certain strategic transactions or other transactions that would otherwise be in our best interest or that might increase the value of our business. We are not limited in our ability to acquire other businesses for cash consideration.

24


 

RCPI and GPC may compete with us, and their competitive positions in certain markets may constrain our ability to build and maintain partnerships.

We may face competition from a variety of sources, including RCPI and GPC, today and in the future. For example, while we do have supply agreements in place with RCPI, each of RCPI and GPC may still compete with us in certain products and/or in certain channels. In addition, while RCPI and GPC do not currently manufacture or sell products that compete with our products in the channels in which we sell our products, they each may do so in the future, including as a result of acquiring a company that manufactures products which compete with ours. RCPI and GPC may have acquired know-how from their previous affiliation with our business, which could give them significant competitive advantages should they decide to engage in the type of business we conduct, which may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Although RCPI has historically sold the products (primarily tableware and cups) that it purchases from us in the retail channel, and we sell such products in the foodservice business-to-business channel, after the termination of the supply agreement with RCPI, it could seek to sell such products in the foodservice channel or otherwise compete with us. As our customer, RCPI has information about products, including pricing, and, as one of our former operating segments, GPC has knowledge of our business that could provide RCPI and GPC with competitive advantages.

In addition, we may partner with companies that compete with RCPI and GPC in certain markets. Our prior affiliation with RCPI and GPC may affect our ability to effectively partner with these companies. These companies may favor our competitors because of our relationships with RCPI and GPC.

Mr. Hart may have conflicts of interest with the holders of our shares of common stock or us in the future.

Mr. Hart indirectly owns and controls a majority of the outstanding shares of our common stock, and the actions he is able to undertake as our controlling shareholder may differ from or adversely affect the interests of our other shareholders. Pursuant to the stockholders agreement that we entered into in connection with our IPO, Mr. Hart has the power to nominate a majority of the directors to our board of directors for so long as the Hart Entities beneficially own more than 40% of our common stock, enabling Mr. Hart to control our legal and capital structure and operations, subject to applicable law. The stockholders agreement also provides that so long as the Hart Entities hold at least 5% of the Company’s shares, Mr. Hart will be entitled to receive access to certain of the Company’s information and also to routinely consult and advise senior management with respect to the Company’s business and financial matters, with the Company agreeing to give consideration to Mr. Hart’s advice and proposals. The stockholders agreement also provides Mr. Hart with certain consent rights for so long as the Hart Entities hold at least 40% of the Company’s shares. Additionally, Mr. Hart is in the business of making investments in companies and may from time to time acquire and hold interests in businesses that compete, directly or indirectly, with us. Mr. Hart may also pursue acquisition opportunities that may be complementary to our business and, as a result, those acquisition opportunities may not be available to us.

Conflicts of interest may arise because certain of our directors hold a management or board position with PFL or other affiliated entities.

One of our directors is also a director of PFL and two of our directors are also directors of other entities affiliated with Mr. Hart. The interests of these directors in PFL and other entities affiliated with Mr. Hart and us could create, or appear to create, conflicts of interest with respect to decisions involving both us and PFL and other entities affiliated with Mr. Hart that could have different implications for PFL and other entities affiliated with Mr. Hart and us. These decisions could, for example, relate to:

 

disagreement over corporate opportunities;

 

competition between us, PFL and other Hart-affiliated entities;

 

employee retention or recruiting;

 

our dividend policy; and

 

the services and arrangements from which we benefit as a result of our relationships with PFL and other entities affiliated with Mr. Hart.

Conflicts of interest could also arise if we enter into any new agreements with the Hart Stockholders and other entities affiliated with Mr. Hart in the future, or if the Hart Stockholders and other entities affiliated with Mr. Hart decide to compete with us in any of our product categories. The presence of directors or officers of entities affiliated with the Hart Stockholders and other entities affiliated with Mr. Hart on our board of directors could create, or appear to create, conflicts of interest and conflicts in allocating their time with respect to matters involving both us and any one of them, or involving us and the Hart Stockholders and other entities affiliated with Mr. Hart, that could have different implications for any of these entities than they do for us. Provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws address corporate opportunities that are presented to our directors who are also directors or officers of the Hart Stockholders and other entities affiliated with Mr. Hart and certain of their subsidiaries. We cannot assure you that our amended and restated certificate of incorporation will adequately address potential conflicts of interest or that potential conflicts of interest will be resolved in our favor or that we will be able to take advantage of corporate opportunities presented to individuals who are directors of both us and the Hart Stockholders and other entities affiliated with Mr. Hart. As a result, we may be precluded from pursuing certain advantageous transactions or growth initiatives.

25


 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2. Properties

Our corporate office is located in leased office space in Lake Forest, Illinois. As of December 31, 2020, we leased or owned 76 U.S. facilities and 26 international facilities, some of which had multiple buildings and warehouses. This includes 61 manufacturing facilities and 39 warehouses which comprise our global production and distribution network.

We believe that all of our properties are in good operating condition and are suitable to adequately meet our current needs.

From time to time, we are a party to various claims, charges and litigation matters arising in the ordinary course of business. Management and legal counsel regularly review the probable outcome of such proceedings. We have established reserves for legal matters that are probable and estimable, and at December 31, 2020, these reserves were not significant. While we cannot feasibly predict the outcome of these matters with certainty, we believe, based on examination of these matters, experience to date and discussions with counsel, that the ultimate liability, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.  

26


 

PART II

Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Principal Market

We have listed our common stock on The Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “PTVE.” We began “regular way” trading on the Nasdaq Global Select Market on September 21, 2020. Prior to that date, there was no public trading market for our common stock.

Stockholders

As of February 19, 2021, there were two holders of record of our common stock. The actual number of our stockholders is greater than this number, and includes beneficial owners whose shares are held in the "street name" by banks, brokers, and other nominees.

Dividends

We did not declare or pay cash dividends in 2020.

Our Board of Directors approved a dividend of $0.10 per share on February 4, 2021 to be paid on February 24, 2021 to stockholders of record as of February 14, 2021. We expect to pay a regular quarterly cash dividend on our common stock, subject to declaration by our board of directors.

Use of Proceeds from sale of Registered Securities

On September 16, 2020, our registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-248250), as amended, was declared effective by the SEC for our IPO of our common stock, pursuant to which we offered and sold a total of 41,026,000 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $14.00 per share for aggregate proceeds of approximately $574 million. We received net proceeds of $546 million in the IPO, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $25 million and other expenses of $3 million. As part of the IPO, the underwriters were provided with an option to acquire up to a further 6,153,900 shares a $14.00 per share. This option was partially exercised on October 20, 2020, in which 1,723,710 shares of common stock were purchased by the underwriters, which resulted in net proceeds of $23 million.  

Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC and Citigroup Global Markets Inc. acted as representatives of the several underwriters for the offering.

27


 

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

 

(In millions, except per share amounts)

 

Continuing Operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenues from continuing operations

 

$

4,689

 

 

$

5,191

 

 

$

5,308

 

 

$

5,292

 

 

$

5,378

 

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

 

 

(10

)

 

 

(240

)

 

 

64

 

 

 

284

 

 

 

(309

)

Diluted (loss) earnings per share from continuing operations

 

 

(0.08

)

 

 

(1.78

)

 

 

0.46

 

 

 

2.10

 

 

 

(2.31

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial Position and Other Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets(1)

 

 

6,843

 

 

 

16,175

 

 

 

16,169

 

 

 

16,385

 

 

 

16,708

 

Long-term debt, including current portion(1)

 

 

3,980

 

 

 

10,630

 

 

 

10,997

 

 

 

11,339

 

 

 

12,056

 

Cash dividends per common share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes balances from discontinued operations for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, 2017 and 2016.

All results and data in the table above reflect continuing operations, unless otherwise noted. See Note 3, Discontinued Operations, to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding the impact of discontinued operations.

28


 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements. It should be read in connection with the other sections of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including the consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in Forward-Looking Statements and Item 1A, Risk Factors.

Overview of Business and Strategy

For a description of our business and strategy, see Item 1, Business.

Recent Developments and Significant Items Affecting Comparability

IPO and Reorganization

During the year ended December 31, 2020, and prior to our IPO, we successfully distributed two of our former segments. On September 21, 2020, we completed the IPO of our common stock pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-248250). We were able to utilize existing cash on hand, the proceeds from RCP and GPC prior to their distribution and the sale of our common stock to pay down $6,694 million of outstanding debt, as well as refinance $2,250 million of our outstanding borrowings to extend our maturity profile and to lower our costs of borrowing in future periods.

In conjunction with our IPO and the distributions of the GPC and RCP segments, we incurred approximately $47 million and $7 million of strategic review and transaction related costs during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Additionally, we have historically been charged a management fee from Rank which upon our IPO is no longer incurred. We incurred $45 million to terminate the management fee arrangement during the year ended December 31, 2020. The total management fees within continuing operations for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 were $10 million and $11 million respectively. See Note 18, Related Party Transactions, for additional details.

As a public company, we have begun implementing additional procedures and processes for the purpose of addressing the standards and requirements applicable to public companies. In particular, our accounting, legal and personnel-related expenses and directors’ and officers’ insurance costs have increased as we establish more comprehensive compliance and governance functions, establish, maintain and review internal controls over financial reporting in accordance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and prepare and distribute periodic reports in accordance with SEC rules. In addition, in connection with our IPO, we established the Equity Incentive Plan for purposes of granting stock-based compensation awards to certain of our senior management, to our non-executive directors and to certain employees, to incentivize their performance and align their interests with ours. See Note 19, Stock-Based Compensation, to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details.

Discontinued Operations

The operations of our former GPC and RCP segments and our former North American and Japanese closures business are presented as discontinued operations for all years presented. As of December 31, 2019, the assets and liabilities of GPC and RCP are presented in assets held for sale or distribution and liabilities held for sale or distribution. The cash flows related to these discontinued operations remain included within our Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows until the date in which they were distributed or sold. See Note 3, Discontinued Operations, to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details of these discontinued operations.

COVID-19

We have been actively monitoring the outbreak of COVID-19 and its impact. Our highest priorities continue to be the safety of our employees and working with our employees and network of suppliers and customers to help maintain the food supply chain as an essential business.

During the fiscal year 2020, we experienced a significant decrease in demand and revenues as many of our customers experienced lower demand. Our Foodservice segment experienced a significant decline in net revenues due to the closure or reduced activity of restaurants and other food-serving institutions. Consistent with the easing of restrictions, towards the latter part of the second quarter of 2020 and into the third and fourth quarters, we experienced an increase in volumes and net revenues in our Foodservice segment. Additionally, we worked to adapt along with our customers as COVID-19 restrictions were lifted and reinstated and as consumer behavior required more take out and online ordering options. Our Food Merchandising segment has experienced a strong market demand for many of our products as people continue to eat more at home, while there has been a decline in demand for other products, such as bakery and snack containers typically used in many of the group gatherings that were either canceled or scaled back due to restrictions and concerns over COVID-19. Within our Beverage Merchandising segment, sales of fresh beverage cartons have remained relatively constant with declines in sales of school milk cartons being offset by higher demand in the retail segment, while sales in the paper markets have declined due to a decrease in demand of printed publications and advertising and demand for liquid packaging board has softened.

29


 

As we are a part of the global food supply chain, we have taken a number of actions to promote the health and safety of our employees and customers in order to maintain the availability of our products to meet the needs of our customers. We implemented enhanced protocols to provide a safe and sanitary working environment for our employees, including screening employees for all symptoms of COVID-19 (including increased temperature checking), ensuring social distancing is observed, providing physical barriers and personal protective equipment where employees work closely together, tracking and tracing of COVID-19 positive employees to identify close contacts and locations frequented, engagement of third-party vendors to deep-clean and sanitize facilities and enhancing pay and leave policies to ensure employees experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 stay at home. While certain of these measures taken have increased our costs, we remain committed to adapting our policies and procedures to ensure the safety of our employees and compliance with federal, state and local regulations while the pandemic continues. Some of our facilities, however, operate in communities that have had high incident rates of COVID-19, resulting in many persons out sick or in quarantine, which has impacted production at some plants. In facilities that manufacture, warehouse and distribute products with softening demand, we have taken measures to reduce spending and production accordingly. To date, we have not experienced significant issues within our supply chain, including the sourcing of materials and logistics service providers.

Additionally, we have taken actions to reduce spending, including the furlough of certain of our employees during 2020, reducing working capital in areas affected by lower sales and reducing non-essential spending. We expect that the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to negatively impact our results of operations in future periods as the macroeconomic environment changes and consumer behavior continues to evolve. However, the general effects of the COVID-19 pandemic continue to change and remain unpredictable.

We will continue to proactively manage our business in response to the evolving impacts of the pandemic, and will continue to communicate with and support our employees and customers; monitor and take steps to further safeguard our supply chain, operations and assets; protect our liquidity and financial position; work toward our strategic priorities and monitor our financial performance as we seek to position the Company to withstand the current uncertainty related to this pandemic.

CARES Act

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) was enacted in March 2020. Retroactive provisions of the CARES Act entitled us to utilize additional deferred interest deductions, which lowered our taxable income for the year ended December 31, 2019. The CARES Act also increases the allowable interest deductions for the year ended December 31, 2020. We recognized a tax benefit in continuing operations in the year ended December 31, 2020 of $112 million which was primarily driven by adjusting our taxable income for the year ended December 31, 2019 and changes in our valuation allowance, both as a result of the CARES Act.

Summary of Results

Our results for the year ended December 31, 2020 reflect the challenges our business faced with the COVID-19 pandemic, which significantly impacted our results, particularly during the second quarter. Our net revenues declined 10% to $4,689 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to $5,191 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 driven by lower demand as our customers were impacted by temporary closures, limited operating abilities and reduced consumer traffic due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As restrictions began to be lifted late in the second quarter and in the third quarter, we experienced sequential improvements in much of our business but continued to be impacted by lower end consumer demand as many businesses, restaurants and schools did not return to pre-pandemic operations.

Our net loss from continuing operations declined to $10 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to a net loss of $240 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, primarily driven by a favorable change in income tax expense of $196 million related to the impact of the CARES Act and changes in our valuation allowance, favorable raw material costs, higher pension income of $80 million, lower restructuring and other impairment charges of $18 million, lower goodwill impairment charges of $10 million and lower corporate costs, partially offset by lower sales volume primarily driven by the COVID-19 pandemic, higher strategic review costs of $40 million and higher manufacturing costs as we incurred additional costs to ensure the safety of our employees and experienced lower productivity in our paper mills.

Our Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations decreased 11% to $615 million compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to lower sales volume due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, higher manufacturing costs and lower pricing. These items were partially offset by favorable material costs, net of lower costs passed through to customers and lower corporate costs.

Our capital expenditures related to continuing operations were $282 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to $285 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. We invested $110 million and $166 million in our Strategic Investment Program during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

30


 

Financial Outlook

In addition to financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP, we make use of the non-GAAP financial measure Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations to evaluate and manage our business and to plan and make near-and long-term operating and strategic decisions. As such, we believe this metrics is useful to investors as it provides supplemental information in addition to our GAAP financial results. We believe it is useful to provide investors with the same financial information that we use internally to make comparisons of our historical operating results, identify trends in our underlying operating results and evaluate our business. We believe our non-GAAP financial measures should always be considered in relation to our GAAP results. We have provided reconciliations between our GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures in Non-GAAP Financial Measures, which appears later in this section.

In addition to monitoring our key operating metrics, we monitor a number of developments and trends that could impact our revenue and profitability objectives.

Changes in Consumer Demand - Our sales are driven by consumer buying habits in the markets that our customers serve and by the volume of sales made from our customers to consumers. Consequently, we are exposed to changes in consumer demand patterns and customer requirements in numerous industries. Changes in consumer preferences for products in the industries that we serve or the packaging formats in which such products are delivered, whether as a result of changes in cost, convenience or health, environmental and social concerns and perceptions, may result in a decline in the demand for certain of our products. For example, certain of our products are used for dairy and fresh juice, and as sales of those beverages have generally declined over recent years, we have had to find new markets for these products. On the other hand, changing preferences for products and packaging formats may also result in increased demand for other products we manufacture. For instance, the growth in consumer preference for organic meat, poultry and free-range eggs outpaces the growth in consumer preference for conventional meat, poultry and standard eggs. Organic meat, poultry and eggs are often packaged in PET or molded fiber, which may drive a shift from polystyrene foam packaging for these products toward higher value PET and molded fiber substrates.

Enhancements in Automation to Control Fluctuations in Labor Costs and Availability - As labor costs rise and as the availability of labor fluctuates, we have focused on increasing automation to reduce our reliance on labor. Since 2017, we have experienced declines in our net income from continuing operations and Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations due to a number of what we believe to be temporary factors that include increased labor costs due to labor shortages in 2018. The conditions that drove the increased labor costs have subsided. Nonetheless, to address the labor shortages and to decrease total labor costs, we have implemented automation programs. We commenced a systematic automation program in 2017 to lower labor costs, eliminate repetitive tasks and increase efficiency, which we substantially completed in 2020. Our automation strategy includes implementing end of production line automation and palletizing, introducing automated vehicles, changing work flow and work cells to streamline processes and integrating COBOTs with our employees. Although we have automated a portion of our operations, we are committed to further investments in automation, including recent initiatives focused on the automation of repetitive manual tasks to increase operating efficiency and consistency, while protecting ourselves from fluctuations in the cost and availability of labor.

Sustainability - Interest in environmental sustainability has increased over the past decade, and we expect that sustainability will play an increasing role in customer and consumer purchasing decisions. There have been recent concerns about the environmental impact of single-use products and products made from plastic, particularly polystyrene foam. Governmental authorities in the United States and abroad continue to implement legislation aimed at reducing the amount of plastic and other materials incapable of being recycled or composted. This type of legislation, as well as voluntary initiatives similarly aimed at reducing the level of single-use packaging waste, could reduce demand for certain products. In addition, state and local bans on polystyrene foam foodservice packaging may drive a shift to the use of higher value substrates, such as paper, molded fiber, polypropylene and polyethylene terephthalate.

Some consumer products companies, including some of our customers, have responded to these governmental initiatives and to perceived environmental or sustainability concerns of consumers by using only recyclable or compostable containers. As our customers may shift towards purchasing more sustainable products, we have focused much of our innovation efforts around sustainability. Across our business, we believe we are well positioned to benefit from growth in fiber-based, recycled, recyclable and/or compostable packaging. For instance, in Foodservice, we continue to develop and introduce new products under the EarthChoice brand. In Food Merchandising, we are the largest producer of molded fiber egg cartons in the United States and believe we are positioned to benefit from shifts toward fiber and away from foam polystyrene. Our Food Merchandising segment continues to produce new sustainable product innovations, such as our recycled PET meat and poultry trays and egg cartons. In Beverage Merchandising, we continue to develop new fiber-based beverage cartons.

We intend to continue sustainability-driven innovation to ensure that we are at the leading edge of recyclable, renewable and compostable products in order to offer our customers environmentally sustainable choices. For fiscal year 2020, approximately 63% of our net revenues were derived from products made with recycled, recyclable or renewable materials, and our goal is 100% by 2030.

We expect to incur additional capital expenditures and research and development costs as a result of developing these products and/or increasing manufacturing of existing sustainable products.

31


 

Food Safety - Food safety remains a top concern among our customers and consumers, and packaging plays a critical role in keeping food safe. Within food processing and retail, consumers increasingly value enhanced packaging features such as tamper-evident containers to ensure freshness and food safety. Within foodservice, providers value tamper-evident packaging due to increased customer concerns around food quality and safety. In addition, the growth of food delivery is creating a greater need for tamper-evident seals and packaging formats to ensure consumer safety. We expect that the desire for safe packaging will play an increasing role in customer purchasing decisions and create significant new product opportunities for us.

Raw Materials and Energy Prices - Our results of operations and the gross profits corresponding to each of our segments, are impacted by changes in the costs of our raw materials and energy prices. Resin prices have historically fluctuated with changes in the prices of crude oil and natural gas, as well as changes in refining capacity and the demand for other petroleum-based products. The prices of raw wood and wood chips may fluctuate due to external conditions such as weather, product scarcity and commodity market fluctuations and changes in governmental policies and regulations. Purchases of most of our raw materials are based on negotiated rates with suppliers, which are tied to published indices. Many of the raw materials utilized by our mills are purchased on the spot market. The prices for some of our raw materials, particularly resins, and the prices that we pay to purchase aluminum products have fluctuated significantly in recent years. Prices for raw wood and wood chips have fluctuated less than the prices of resins. Raw wood and wood chips are typically purchased from sources close to our mills and, as a result, prices are established locally based on factors such as local competitive conditions and weather conditions. Management expects continued volatility in raw material prices and such volatility may impact our results of operations.

Historical index prices of resin from December 2018 through December 2020 are shown in the chart below. This chart presents index prices and does not represent the prices at which we purchase resin.

We are also sensitive to energy-related cost movements, particularly those that affect transportation and utility costs. Historically, we have been able to mitigate the effect of higher energy-related costs with productivity improvements and other cost reductions. However, significant spikes in energy costs due to abnormal weather conditions may not be recovered through such means and could have a significant impact to our profitability. For example, in the first quarter of 2021, the impact of Winter Storm Uri increased energy costs for our facilities in the southern half of the U.S. and resulted in suspension of operations in eight of our facilities in Arkansas and Texas. While the financial impact of such event is still being assessed at this time of this report, we expect that the resulting costs will be material.                

We use various strategies to manage cost exposures on certain raw material purchases with the objective of obtaining more predictable costs for these commodities. From time to time we enter into hedging agreements for some of our raw materials and energy sources to minimize the impact of price fluctuations. We generally enter into commodity financial instruments or derivatives to hedge commodity prices primarily related to resin, diesel and natural gas. Although we continue to take steps to minimize the impact of the volatility of raw material prices through commodity hedging, fixed supplier pricing, reducing the lag time in contractual raw material cost pass-through mechanisms and entering into additional indexed customer contracts that include raw material cost pass-through provisions, these efforts may prove to be inadequate.

32


 

Pricing - Revenue is directly impacted by changes in raw material costs as a result of raw material cost pass-through mechanisms in many of the customer pricing agreements entered into by our segments. Generally, the contractual price adjustments do not occur simultaneously with commodity price fluctuations, but rather on a mutually agreed upon schedule. Due to differences in timing between purchases of raw materials and sales to customers, there is often a lead-lag effect, during which margins are negatively impacted in the short term when raw material costs increase and positively impacted in the short term when raw material costs decrease. Historically, the average lag time in implementing raw material cost pass-through mechanisms has been approximately three months. We use price increases, where possible, to mitigate the effects of raw material cost increases for customers that are not subject to raw material cost pass-through agreements.

Competitive Environment - The markets in which we sell our products historically have been, and continue to be, highly competitive. Areas of competition include service, innovation, quality and price. While we have long-term relationships with many of our customers, the underlying contracts may be re-bid or renegotiated from time to time, and we may not be successful in renewing on favorable terms or at all, as pricing and other competitive pressures may occasionally result in the loss of a customer relationship. The loss of business from our larger customers, or the renewal of business on less favorable terms, may have a significant impact on our operating results.

COVID-19 – As previously discussed, we believe the macroeconomic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic could continue to have a negative impact on our results in the short term and we are taking steps to protect our employees, consumers and business.

Commitment to Operational Excellence - In light of increased manufacturing costs incurred in recent years and continuing margin pressure throughout the packaging industry, we have programs in place that are designed to improve productivity, reduce costs, and increase profitability. We intend to reduce our operational costs by implementing a series of operational performance and cost reduction programs as part of our SPMO initiatives. Our SPMO initiatives include increasing productivity through machine reliability and automation, particularly in our paper mills, as well as improving operations through a number of digital initiatives and integrating our supply chain.

Financing Costs – We regularly evaluate our variable and fixed-rate debt as we finance our ongoing working capital and capital expenditures and other investments. As previously discussed, we were able to repay $6,694 million in outstanding borrowings and refinanced $2,250 million of outstanding borrowings during the year ended December 31, 2020. We also will continue to focus on reducing our financing costs through repayments of our outstanding borrowings. Our weighted-average interest rate on our total debt as of December 31, 2020 was 4.0%, down from 5.1% and 5.6% as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, primarily reflecting our repayments and refinancing activities over these years. Refer to Note 10, Debt, to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Public Company Costs - As a public company, we have begun implementing additional procedures and processes for the purpose of addressing the standards and requirements applicable to public companies. In particular, our accounting, legal and personnel-related expenses and directors’ and officers’ insurance costs have increased as we establish more comprehensive compliance and governance functions, establish, maintain and review internal controls over financial reporting in accordance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and prepare and distribute periodic reports in accordance with SEC rules.

Elevated Past Capital Expenditures - In the last three years, our level of capital expenditures has been elevated due to our strategic and growth initiatives and certain extraordinary maintenance capital expenditures. We expect certain of our strategic and growth initiatives are likely to continue through our fiscal year 2021. Once the Strategic Investment Program concludes, we expect our annual capital expenditures to normalize.


33


 

 

Discussion and Analysis of Historical Results

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations is defined as net (loss) income from continuing operations calculated in accordance with GAAP, plus the sum of income tax expense, net interest expense, depreciation and amortization and further adjusted to exclude certain items of a significant or unusual nature, including but not limited to foreign exchange gains or losses on cash, related party management fees, unrealized gains or losses on derivatives, gains or losses on the sale of businesses and noncurrent assets, impairment charges, restructuring, asset impairment and other related charges, operational process engineering-related consultancy costs, non-cash pension income or expense and strategic review and transaction-related costs.

We present Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations because it is a key measure used by our management team to evaluate our operating performance, generate future operating plans and make strategic decisions. Accordingly, we believe that Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations provides useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our operating results in the same manner as our management team and board of directors. In addition, our chief operating decision maker uses Adjusted EBITDA of each reportable segment to evaluate the operating performance of such segments.

The following is a reconciliation of our net (loss) income from continuing operations, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, to Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations for each of the years indicated:

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

 

(in millions)

 

Net (loss) income from continuing operations (GAAP)

 

$

(10

)

 

$

(240

)

 

$

64

 

Income tax (benefit) expense

 

 

(112

)

 

 

84

 

 

 

(20

)

Interest expense, net

 

 

371

 

 

 

433

 

 

 

414